A forest washing into the sea

first_imgHarvard Forest Director David Foster walked carefully along the bluff, his GPS unit recording his steps as he threaded among tightly packed white oaks and pitch pines that grew right to the edge, but which almost certainly wouldn’t be there for long.In the surf 20 feet below was a tangle of downed trees that days or weeks earlier had also stood on the bluff. A 2007 storm breached a nearby barrier beach and changed the ocean currents along this corner of Chappaquiddick Island. The new currents first ate away the broad beach between the forest and the sea and were now tearing at the sandy, unprotected bluffs with every high tide.“This is probably the first forest we’re going to study because there’s not much of it left,” said Foster, who will be leading a research team of fellows and students there this summer.Even to a regular visitor like Foster, the changes at the island’s Wasque reservation have been breathtakingly fast. Before his bluff hike, he had driven into the reserve’s sandy parking lot and had to look around to get his bearings. He pointed across the sandy, windblown beach to the surf churning with whitecaps.“Last summer, you could park in the water,” Foster said. “This is an incredibly dynamic landscape. It’s a native pitch pine forest. They’re very salt tolerant.” He paused and looked along the shore at the bluffs and tangled trees lying at their base. “But they’re not that salt tolerant.”Dynamic landscapes attract Foster, who, as a paleoecologist, has dedicated his career to understanding how landscapes change over long stretches of time. Foster is among a small group of resident researchers at the 3,500-acre Harvard Forest in Petersham, Mass., and part of a larger community of researchers, instructors, and students who come to the forest to teach, conduct research, and learn about topics ranging from the role of forests in abating climate change to the effects of moose expanding their range into Massachusetts’ forests.Though based in Petersham, Harvard Forest scientists also conduct research on woodlands across New England, including in recent years Vermont, New Hampshire, and Connecticut.“We try to spread them [research projects] across New England to cover climate, vegetation, history, and how people treat and conserve the land,” Foster said.Foster has made a habit of walking the Wasque bluffs whenever he visits to record the rapid changes. This summer, his research team will study the forest, owned by the Trustees of Reservations, and other changes on the island. They’ll take core samples of trees and sediment samples from ponds, record vegetation and soil makeup, and visit the Polly Hill Arboretum, where another Harvard Forest project is wrapping up.Polly Hill was the epicenter of a massive oak die-off in 2007 that brought Harvard Forest researchers to the island because of the similarity to an event 5,000 years earlier that Foster and colleagues had connected to a period of climate change. In that ancient die-off, revealed through pollen grains found in the sediment of lakes and ponds, oaks on the Vineyard and on Cape Cod had suddenly died and were replaced by a beech forest that endured 1,000 years before oak slowly took over again.Foster believes that a similar climate-change dynamic may have been at play in the recent die-off. The trees were infested with fall cankerworms for three straight years. The caterpillars were so numerous that Polly Hill Arboretum Director Tim Boland said he could hear the rain of their droppings, called frass, as he walked through the forest.In each of the first two years, the trees were defoliated but able to re-leaf after the outbreak subsided. In the third year, the stressed trees were trying to re-leaf again when a drought hit.“That was just the death knell,” Boland said. “They just collapsed and died. They couldn’t pull it together.”While it’s difficult to tie an individual natural event to climate change, the patterns seen at Polly Hill and Wasque bear the signature of what Foster would expect from a warming climate. Rising temperatures alone won’t kill trees, he said. But warmer winters will allow more pests to survive and new ones to invade. More extreme weather means more droughts that can kill trees weakened by pests. And rising seas coupled with more extreme storms means more erosion like that at Wasque.At Polly Hill, Boland said he resisted pressure from neighbors to spray the caterpillars because the arboretum is managed as a natural area. Spraying would have devastated insects of all kinds, even beneficial ones. Once the trees were dead, people wanted the forest logged. That’s when he called Foster and other Harvard Forest researchers to take a look.Harvard Forest’s resources “enable us to actively bring in people to do this research and ultimately inform the larger island population what’s going on,” Boland said. “It helps the Vineyard community get answers to something mysterious to them, threatening to them.”Dying trees are a natural part of a forest, Foster said, even in extreme cases like the Vineyard’s oak die-off. Logging, on the other hand, disturbs the forest floor and microorganisms. It extracts from the forest system the nutrients present in the trees, which would otherwise be released into the soil.Among other studies, Harvard researchers working at Polly Hill traced the nitrogen released by decaying leaves and bark from the oak trees. Research on the tract, being written up for publication, shows that soil nitrogen levels rose and have slowly returned to pre-die-off levels.The elevated nitrogen is nature’s way of providing for the forest’s regrowth, Foster said. It acts as a fertilizer in concert with the suddenly ample sunshine to spur new growth.A walk through the forest today shows a lot of life, though mainly in the form of undergrowth between the silver-gray trunks of dead oaks. Bushes, shrubs, and a rising group of young beech trees are growing fast in the sunlight once blocked by the oak canopy.“It’s exquisite, if you’ve got the perspective to understand how the forest works,” Foster said. “The trees are dead, but they’ll come back. The forest is still functioning.”last_img read more

Two Charged Following Late-Night Fight In Jamestown

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Stock Image.JAMESTOWN – Two people are facing charges following a late-night fight on West 13th Street in the City of Jamestown Tuesday.Jamestown Police say Amber Harrington, 20, of Jamestown, and Amani Welisevich, 20, of Hamburg, were taken into custody following the alleged 10:30 p.m. altercation.Through investigation, it is alleged that Harrington smashed the windshield of a Toyota Corolla using a heavy floor scraper. In retaliation, Welisevich allegedly smashed four windows in a nearby home and threatened Harrington with a bat.Police said the alleged actions additional took place in front of two juveniles under the age of 15 who were sitting in the rear of the Toyota. Both were charged with third-degree criminal mischief and endangering the welfare of a child.last_img read more

Vermont delegation seeks to stimulate economy with transportation waiver

first_imgVermont delegation seeks to stimulate economy with transportation waiverWASHINGTON, DC, November 24 – In order to stimulate the economy and meet pressing infrastructure needs, the Vermont congressional delegation is seeking to waive the state and local match requirement for all federally-funded highway, transit and rail projects through September 2009.The move would give Vermont and other states facing tight budgets a much-needed boost to improve roads and bridges, support public transit agencies and upgrade rail lines at no additional cost to the federal government.Transportation officials have reported that because of growing budget deficits at the state and local level, many ready-to-go projects simply cannot move forward without untying the strings of the required match. Under the Safe, Accountable, Flexible and Efficient Transportation Equity Act, states are typically required to meet a 10 or 20 percent match for federally funded projects.By waiving the match requirements, states and municipalities will be able to continue upgrading the nation’s crumbling infrastructure while stimulating the economy and quickly creating new jobs. Sens. Patrick Leahy and Bernie Sanders and Rep. Peter Welch are drafting legislation they plan to introduce in the coming weeks that would grant this waiver through September 2009.Leahy said, “It’s clear that Vermont’s infrastructure has suffered due to limited state funding. By allowing the free flow of federal funds to these projects, Vermonters will see improved roads and bridges, as well as additional jobs. With tight state budgets all over the country, Congress has a responsibility to enable the completion of projects that are already lined up and ready to go.”Sanders said, “Any economic recovery package should first improve our crumbling infrastructure by improving our roads, bridges and public transportation. The elimination of the state and local match would complement increased funding and heighten the effectiveness of economic recovery efforts. Our nation’s state and local governments are currently taking in far less revenue due to falling property values and reduced sales tax revenues, and also face higher borrowing costs in credit markets. These cities and towns are on the front line of our economic crisis and they would be the first to benefit from reduced matching requirements.”Welch said, “Vermont’s growing transportation budget shortfalls and lengthening project backlogs are bad news for our state’s economy and worse news for the safety of its drivers. As our roads and bridges crumble and our economy falters, we must work hard to find common-sense solutions to both problems. This no-cost waiver is a solid first step on our road to recovery.”last_img read more

Vermont Department of Public Service names Asa Hopkins director of Energy Policy

first_imgThe Vermont Department of Public Service (DPS) has named Asa S. Hopkins, Ph.D., as the new Director of Energy Policy and Planning. Dr. Hopkins will lead the Department’s policy and planning division, which serves as Vermont’s State Energy Office. In conjunction with the Commissioner of Public Service, the Governor’s office, the Legislature, and other energy stakeholders, Dr. Hopkins will develop and implement statewide energy policy, including energy efficiency and demand resource management programs, renewable energy policy, and electric utility planning.‘Asa will bring scientific rigor and a fresh perspective to energy planning here in Vermont,’ said Commissioner Elizabeth Miller. ‘His experience in energy efficiency and in federal energy policy at the Department of Energy will be of tremendous benefit to the people of Vermont. The Department of Public Service is delighted to welcome him as Director.’Before joining DPS, Dr. Hopkins worked at the United States Department of Energy for Under Secretary for Science Steven Koonin, serving as Dr. Koonin’s assistant project director for the DOE’s Quadrennial Technology Review. Before that he served as an analyst at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, providing economic and technical analysis of federal energy efficiency standards for appliances. Dr. Hopkins has a B.S., summa cum laude, in Physics from Haverford College and an M.S. and Ph.D, both in Physics, from the California Institute of Technology. He will join the DPS at the beginning of October.The Department of Public Service is an agency within the executive branch of Vermont state government. Its charge is to represent the public interest in matters regarding energy, telecommunications, water and wastewater.last_img read more

Beer Blog: Monday Night Beer Mile

first_imgThe Monday Night MileSo, how fast can you run…and drink a beer…and run again…The Beer Mile is one of the greatest athletic challenges of modern times, wherein a runner drinks a beer, runs a lap around a track, drinks a beer…until four beers and four laps are completed. Respectable Beer Mile times are in the double digits (it takes a looong time to chug a beer when you’re out of breath), but the World Record was recently broken by James Nielson, a runner living in California who ran his Beer Mile in an astonishing 4:57.The only thing more impressive than his running pace was his beer chugging time, which only took him a matter of seconds per beer. Quick off the heels of this record breaking feat, the first ever Beer Mile World Championships has been set for this fall in Austin, Texas. $5,000 is on the line for the winner.The race will likely see comers from all over the country. Monday Night Brewing Company, in Atlanta, is staging their own mass beer mile, asking 500 people to show up to drink beer and run in the name of charity. As a bonus, Monday Night makes some of the best beer in Atlanta.I’m not sure what beer they’ll have for runners to drink at every quarter mile, I hope it’s not their Blind Pirate, a double IPA that comes in at 8.2% ABV. That wouldn’t be pretty.The brewery has a knack for staging fun events. Last February, they organized a full contact football game where everyone was dressed in three-piece suits. Classic.Check out the video about the Monday Night Mile below. How fast can you run…and drink…and run?Visit http://mondaynightbrewing.com for more info.from Monday Night Brewinglast_img read more

Bike Salem in Virginia’s Blue Ridge

first_imgNo matter what kind of terrain you’re looking to ride, stop by Roanoke Mountain Adventures for bike rentals while you are in town. Or rent a kayak, tube, standup paddleboard, or crash pad for a different mountain adventure. Downshift Bikes & Brews is your one stop shop for all things bikes, coffee, and beer in Downtown Roanoke. They recently started offering e-bike rentals for those looking to get around the city.  Parkway Brewing Company, photo by Sam Dean, courtesy of Visit Virginia’s Blue Ridge After a full day of riding, visit Downtown Salem to kick back, relax, and try some local craft brews. Located just off Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail, Parkway Brewing Company offers a rotating selection of beers brewed and bottled right in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. There’s a little bit of history in every glass at Olde Salem Brewing Company and something for every beer drinker to enjoy, particularly those with a penchant for sours.  DCIM\100MEDIA\DJI_0035.JPG Mill Mountain Overlook, photo by Sam Dean, courtesy of Visit Virginia’s Blue Ridge Just off the Blue Ridge Parkway, discover nine miles of trails by the Roanoke River at Explore Park. While you’re there, check out additional paddling, camping, and ziplining opportunities for a full day of adventure. If you’re looking to explore the whole area, the Roanoke Valley Greenways offer more than 30 miles of paved trails connecting public parks, the river, and downtown destinations.  VisitVBR.com  Start off at Mill Mountain Park in Roanoke’s city limits, one of the best urban parks in the country. Make sure to view the iconic Roanoke Star while you’re at the top before riding ten miles of intermediate and advanced trails down the mountain. Beginners will enjoy exploring Franklin County’s Waid Recreation Park, including several ADA accessible trails, winding paths along the Pigg River, and a jump line trail. Take your riding to the next level at Falling Creek Park with a skills loop and pump track to hone your technique. center_img carvins coveCarvins Cove Mountain Biking Trail, photo by Sam Dean, courtesy of Visit Virginia’s Blue Ridge Find an adventure that fits your speed when you visit Virginia’s Blue Ridge, the only IMBA Silver-Level Ride Center on the East Coast. With over 400 miles of mountain biking trails, riders of all abilities can experience America’s East Coast Mountain Biking Capital.  Cover photo: Carvins Cove, photo by Sam Dean, courtesy of Visit Virginia’s Blue Ridge VisitSalemVA.com You could spend a few days riding the multi-use, singletrack trails at Carvins Cove. Less than ten miles from Downtown Salem, there are more than 60 miles of fire roads, cross county singletrack, and downhill trails to keep you entertained. For some backcountry riding, head to North Mountain in the Jefferson National Forest. Known locally as “Dragon’s Back,” ride the ridge of the mountain on challenging singletrack.  last_img read more

Brazilian Marines’ Reinforcement Squad Provides Paramount Support to the Brazilian Navy

first_imgBy Marcos Ommati/Diálogo March 16, 2017 The Reinforcement Squad, the command responsible for providing reinforcement detachments to Brazil’s Marine Corps (CFN, per its Portuguese acronym), is located in the peaceful seashore area of São Gonçalo, with a beautiful view over the city of Rio de Janeiro. The daily life of the troops serving there, however, is anything but tranquil, since their main duty is to provide specialized detachments to the operational groups under CFN. To learn more about this force and its logistics focus, Diálogo interviewed Major General José Luiz Corrêa da Silva, the Reinforcement Squad commander, during the 60th anniversary of the Fleet Marine Force.Diálogo: What is the importance of the Fleet Marine Force celebrating its 60th anniversary?Major General José Luiz Corrêa da Silva: The 60th anniversary of the Fleet Marine Force reflects the maturity of a process started in 1957, which provided restructuring promoted by the Marine Corps. Now, we have gone through six decades of reorganization and restructuring to comply with the basic principle for employing this force, which is to allow an administrative organization to be quickly converted into a combat organization. What does that mean? You have an infantry battalion that quickly becomes a ground combat component. You have an artillery battalion that quickly becomes a corps support component, and that is how they go on and create components. In our case, all this took place during the maturity process and then, in 2001, when the Third Millennium Workshop took place, the Marine Corps’ operational organization was restructured. So, now you have operational groups of marines, which are task-based organizations that are only equipped with whatever they need for the particular mission to be carried out. You will always have a ground combat component, and there will always be a component of combat support services, i.e., logistics, and that is exactly what the Reinforcement Squad’s vocation is.Diálogo: What is your biggest challenge as the Reinforcement Squad’s commander?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: Presently, the greatest challenge is to be able to maintain this working structure. I regularly speak to my subordinate commanders about new proposals to submit to the commander of the Fleet Marine Force, that reach the general commander of the Marine Corps, so this structure can be further improved.Diálogo: In what sense do you mean “maintain?”Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: In terms of training and materials, and compliance with the doctrine. We are always reviewing, studying, and experimenting with the doctrine, jointly with the recently created Doctrine Development Command.Diálogo: The country is going through a severe financial crisis. How does this impact the Reinforcement Squad?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa:It has a direct impact on how promptly we receive funds. But regardless of the country’s financial situation, we were subjected to budget cuts, to which we had to adapt without compromising those structures. We never stopped doing things; we continued with our daily routine throughout this period, paying the bills required by the operations.Diálogo: In this sense, did the Brazilian Navy’s participation in ensuring the security of the so-called major events and UN peacekeeping missions help? Is it still helping with financial support?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: Yes. The Marine Corps received a good portion of the funds due to the Olympic and Paralympic Games (2016), the Confederations Cup (2015), the World Cup (2014), and the World Military Games (2011). We also receive funds due to our presence in Haiti [MINUSTAH] and in Lebanon [UNIFIL]. So the Ministry of Defense has transferred and continues to transfer funds to the Navy. These transfers were very instrumental, as they allowed us to purchase a considerable amount of materials. Even though it coincided with budget restrictions for our day-to-day upkeep, we were able to overcome these unfavorable circumstances, and still had more than enough materials to use in the major events, which are now left as a legacy to the force.Diálogo: What kinds of materials?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: I am referring to vehicles, police equipment, and healthcare materials since we have a medical unit that is under the Reinforcement Squad’s command. We have never received so much in material resources as we received in the last three or four years and, especially last year, we received plenty of materials, such as arms and communication equipment, so we have made great progress on that front.Diálogo: So you consider that over the last few years, these were the most important advances of the Reinforcement Squad?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: That’s what I think. We have moved forward considerably in terms of materials.Diálogo: Now that there are no more major events scheduled, what does the future look like?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: We will continue to carry out our daily routine, which consists of our regular preparations to carry out amphibious operations, as we continue to face challenges in our exercises. Our challenge has always been to conduct our exercises in a responsible and thoughtful manner without causing any accidents and always having the troops ready to engage in amphibious operations, which is our primary responsibility. It is true we have no more major events scheduled, but we were never just motivated by these great events. Our motivation is that the country needs to have troops prepared to conduct amphibious operations. This is truly what motivates us, and we depend on the Navy providing us with ammunition, ships for us to embark on and disembark from, and being able to operate offshore. We are always ready, and we respond promptly to any calls; this is our motivation. It does not come from being deployed to the streets or being called to maintain law and order. This is a consequence, but a positive one, of being a highly prepared troop. This is the main aspect that has to be clear to all. The Brazilian Marines Corps are an expeditionary force, and the definition of “expeditionary” is to be ready for any type of deployment, as far as amphibious operations are concerned. Last year, we returned to amphibious operations with Operation Dragão (Dragon) XXXVII, and this year we will again have what we always had, which are the Sinal Vermelho (Red Alert) operations. If a Sinal Vermelho Operation is launched, we have 48 hours to be fully on board and ready to depart for a mission. Our motivation is the number of shots we fire every year, the number of kilometers we travel on the roads to conduct our exercises, as well as the number of days we spend on maneuvers and exercises.Diálogo: Can you tell us about the force’s and the Brazilian Navy’s joint participation in activities with other countries, such as humanitarian aid?Maj. Gen. Luiz Corrêa: You touched on a very important aspect when you mentioned other countries because this is also a very strong element of motivation for our troops. Each time we have contact with another country’s armed forces, this also strongly motivates us to show them what we are capable of. When some operation abroad is announced that will promote contact with other countries’ navies, or when a major training event is announced, such as the Americas Exchange, or when we are informed that marines from other countries are coming to do their training with us, this is all extremely motivating. When I talked about funds and new resources, I did not mention the recent purchase made by the Marine Corps General Command of new tracked vehicles, the so-called amphibious vehicles, or CLAnfs, which will be arriving soon, in March. The battalion which will hold and use these assets is actually the Amphibious Vehicles Battalion that is under the command of the Reinforcement Squad. So our assets are now going to include 23 new tanks, which have been refurbished from the hulls of our existing tanks by the United States. In effect, our troops are really motivated to take part in this process, which includes receiving, preparing and deploying these new tanks. Then, regarding the other operations like humanitarian aid, as you mentioned, or the searches we have been conducting in penitentiaries around the country, these are specific tasks of the Reinforcement Squad, the so-called benign operations which, in accordance with the Navy’s basic doctrine, are actions conducted on behalf of the public. In the Reinforcement Squad, we have an expeditionary medical unit, and this unit is permanently ready with materials already packed so we may promptly handle any disaster. Normally, together with the medical unit, a nuclear-biological-chemical-radiological defense company comes along to do the assessment in these areas, as well as the police to help control disturbances, as the need arises, or to ensure the security of the engineering work site, or the security of the field hospitals used by the expeditionary medical unit. All of this is supported by our logistics battalion that is part of the supply, provisioning, transportation, and maintenance system. The Reinforcement Squad is a major logistics command, where some units handle specific tasks dealing with amphibious operations, and where no two units are exactly the same. We actually have seven units, each with their own specific tasks, completely different from the other units. Since we are talking about challenges, one of my great challenges is to make sure that all this training is integrated, and that each one also corresponds to the demands of the other. We have been putting this into practice over the last two years, based on relevant experience I acquired as commander of the Logistics Battalion. This is what I call cross-training, where the training of one unit also benefits the others. Take for example the medical unit. It receives training as a medical unit, but it also provides training to all the other units in what we call basic life support. This means it prepares all others for a possible future need in the healthcare area. The police train not only themselves but also the other units in first combat, for example, to control disturbances and so on and so forth. In the end, we are doing all this training so that all units are aware of each other’s importance, and know how to help each other, especially in the case of real need.last_img read more

CNTB presented a portal on health tourism

first_imgThe portal of the Croatian National Tourist Board recently published a subpage on which it presents health tourism.It is a joint project of the Croatian Tourist Board and the Croatian Chamber of Commerce whose goal is to present the national offer of health tourism in one place, ie business entities that contribute to improving and enriching the tourist offer and developing content to extend the tourist season and positioning Croatia as a health tourism destination.On this subpage, business entities are divided into 10 tourist regions and the activities they are engaged in, and information is available in six foreign languages, thus promoting all companies involved in health tourism in a unique way.I can only say at last, something like this should have been a long time ago, but better late than never. But without a strategy for the development of health tourism, as well as a complete tourism product, there will be no success, as well as such important synergies of all stakeholders. I sincerely hope that this is a symbolic start to some new positive story about the development of health tourism.Get involved if you’re not on the list, network and tell stories together. . The web is available via a link Health & Wellness – Full of well-being.last_img read more


first_imgIt’s now been more than 100 days since Muhammadu Buhari was sworn in as Nigerian president, and he has already showed renewed vigour in the War against Boko Haram and clamped down on government corruption. But Africa’s biggest economy is still in a slump and Buhari is yet to appoint a cabinet. So what exactly has been achieved under the APC? And has life been made better in Nigeria Under Buhari?last_img

Barcelona plan to offer three players in swap deal for Neymar

first_imgBarcelona are considering an ambitious three player swap deal in order to bring former star Neymar back to the club this summer.Advertisement However, the French side have now lowered that fee to €150M, with Barcelona keen on a reunion before the 2020-21 season starts.But, according to reports from Mundo Deportivo, due to the financial pressure of the coronavirus pandemic, La Blaugrana will have a reduced transfer budget to work with.That could mean Quique Setien’s side making a renewed attempt to negotiate a player plus cash deal for the 28-year old.The report states the defending La Liga champions will offer French trio Samuel Umtiti, Jean-Clair Todibo and Ousmane Dembele as part of a deal.Read Also: Ajax place €40m price-tag on Barcelona targetTodibo is currently on loan at Bundelisga side Schalke 04, with the German club holding a purchase option on the defender.Umtiti and Dembele have both endured an injury disrupted season, and could be tempted by the challenge of first team football in Paris.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted ContentWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksTop 10 Tiniest Phones Ever MadeA Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This DayEver Thought Of Sleeping Next To Celebs? This Guy Will Show YouThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreHere’s What Everyday Objects Look Like If Cut In Half10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest Pocket9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo7 Of The Wealthiest Universities In The WorldPlaying Games For Hours Can Do This To Your Body2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This Year Loading… La Blaugrana were linked with a move for the Brazilian international ahead of the current campaign, but refused to pay PSG’s €200M asking price.last_img read more