Influence of growth temperature on lipid and soluble carbohydrate synthesis by fungi isolated from fellfield soil in the maritime Antarctic

first_imgThe effects of growth temperature on soluble carbohydrate and lipid content of Humicola marvinii, Geomyces pannorum and Mortierella elongata isolated from the Antarctic (Signy Island; 60° 43′S, 45°38′W) were investigated. Each of these fungi responded differently to suboptimal growth temperatures. At low temperatures Humicola marvinii accumulated cryoprotective carbohydrates (trehalose intracellularly and glycerol extracellularly), whereas Geomyces pannorum responded by altering its lipid composition with increases in unsaturated lipid content and overall unsaturation index. In the case of Mortierella elongata, features that may influence its ability to grow at low temperatures included the absence of detectable ergosterol, the presence of stearidonic acid and increased amounts of intracellular trehalose when grown at lower temperatures. The relative importance of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in adaptation to temperature stress in these fungi is discussed.last_img read more

Weather Updates: Fireworks and Bike Parade Set for Saturday

first_imgFireworks in Ocean City during the Gillian’s Wonderland Pier anniversary celebration in June.A rainy day and a distant hurricane combined to wash out the Fourth of July event schedule on Friday, but the fireworks and other activities have been rescheduled for Saturday, July 5.The fireworks will be launched from a barge anchored off Ninth Street. With Hurricane Arthur passing by Ocean City far out in the Atlantic Ocean on Friday, city officials decided to postpone the fireworks in case surf conditions made it unsafe for the fireworks crew on the water.As it turned out, Ocean City saw head-high waves through the afternoon, but strong local winds knocked down much of the surf from the fast-moving storm.The Gardens Civic Association Bike Parade has been rescheduled to 10 a.m. Saturday. The South Ocean City Improvement Association Bike Parade is cancelled. SOCIA made the announcement Friday morning. There will be no rain date.Ocean City schedule of events for Saturday, July 5, is as follows:FIREWORKS (Moved to Saturday, July 5)A 9:30 p.m. musical fireworks display will be fired from a barge at sea off the Ocean City Music Pier (between Eighth and Ninth streets). The show will be visible from the downtown blocks of the beach and boardwalk. The popular band Tidal Wave will entertain in front of the Music Pier from 7: 30 p.m. to approximately 8:45 p.m. The band will play again after the fireworks are over.KITE FESTIVAL, YO-YOs and HULA HOOPSA Kite Festival competition on the beach near the Ocean City Music Pier will be sponsored by Air Circus with registration at 6 p.m. Entry is free. Kite awards in various categories will be presented at 7:30 p.m. At 8 p.m., there will be a yo-yo demonstration and contest followed by a hula hoop competition at 8:30 p.m.Kite categories include Most Patriotic, Largest, Smallest, Highest Flying, Best Homemade, Best Stunt Flyer, Youngest Flyer and Oldest Flyer.BIKE PARADEGardens Civic Association (Moved to Saturday, July 5): The Gardens Civic Association’s Bike Parade also starts at 10 a.m. with registration 9 a.m. at the Longport Bridge parking lot. Entry is free.__________Sign up for OCNJ Daily’s free newsletter and breaking news alerts“Like” us on Facebooklast_img read more

Ocean City Prepares Funding for Beach Replenishment

first_imgBy DONALD WITTKOWSKIOcean City is expected to introduce a funding ordinance Thursday to pay for its share of a beach replenishment project that may include extra sand to help restore the shoreline following a coastal storm that pounded the resort with unusually high tides.City spokesman Doug Bergen said beaches along the entire length of the barrier island experienced erosion from the storm, which lingered about 200 miles offshore from Oct. 9 to the morning of Oct. 12. More than three days of destructive high tides and strong winds combined to damage the beaches and dunes in towns along the Jersey Shore.“Beaches across the length of Ocean City eroded in the gale earlier this month – as they do in all sustained coastal storm events,” Bergen said in an email. “The beaches in the blocks around Fifth Street are typically most vulnerable to erosion. The ocean breached the dune there.“The rock groin at 59th Street, which had been completely buried by the most recent replenishment project, is now fully exposed. Those two areas saw the most severe damage,” he continued.Coming at just the right time, Ocean City, Sea Isle City and Strathmere are part of a new U.S. Army Corps of Engineers beach replenishment project that will deposit a total of 2.4 million cubic yards of fresh sand along the eroded shoreline of all three towns starting this fall.A $32.5 million contract been awarded for the project. However, there are options built into the contract that could push the cost up to $41.3 million if surveys of the storm-damaged beaches show that even more sand is needed for replenishment.The Army Corp of Engineers and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection will pay for most of the cost, but Ocean City, Sea Isle and Strathmere will also kick in a portion.Bergen said Ocean City’s share is expected to be around $1.6 million. However, the bond ordinance scheduled to be introduced Thursday by City Council will include $2 million in funding to make sure the city is covered if there is a cost increase with the beach replenishment project.“(Ocean City) Finance Director Frank Donato has been in touch with the state Department of Environmental Protection on cost estimates. Based on the recent storm, he will include money for extra beach (sand) and for an extra stockpile of sand to rebuild dunes,” Bergen said.City officials are discussing plans for an extra stockpile of sand to help rebuild the storm-damaged dunes.According to initial figures, Ocean City will receive 800,000 cubic yards of new sand to replenish the beaches in the north end of town from Seaview Road to 13th Street. Another 455,000 cubic yards of sand will help restore the beaches in the southern end from 49th to 59th streets.The project is scheduled to get underway this fall and be completed in time for the 2020 summer tourism season.A spokesman for the Army Corps of Engineers said that even more sand may be added to the replenishment project once an analysis is done of the beaches and dunes in Ocean City, Sea Isle and Strathmere.Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company, of Oak Brook, Ill., the contractor for the replenishment project, will conduct “pre-placement surveys” of the beaches prior to beginning the work to determine if the Army Corps of Engineers should consider the option for more sand.“We analyze that data that comes back from that (survey) and if it calls for additional sand, which certainly wouldn’t be surprising in this case, that’s where the options for the contract come in,” said Ed Voigt, a spokesman for the Army Corps of Engineers.Options built into the contract could increase the cost of the beach replenishment project to $41.3 million, depending on the findings by Great Lakes. The hope is that there will be enough funding to pay for all of the sand that is needed to restore the beaches in all three towns.“If the funds are more than enough to cover the additional sand that is needed, then we pump all of the sand,” Voigt said. “If we can only do some of it, then we’ll use the options to assess what’s available and do the best we can.”Until those surveys are completed, it is impossible for the Army Corps of Engineers to say unequivocally whether the amount of sand will be increased, Voigt explained.“We can’t predict right now,” he said. “The options will certainly help. That’s all I can say. We won’t know until we get those pre-placement surveys and then go from there.”The storm sliced into the dunes, leaving cliff-like walls in some spots along the beach. Beach replenishment is critical for the shore’s tourism market. last_img read more

Auntie Anne’s targets 30 stores

first_imgAuntie Anne’s has said it will take its UK and Ireland store count to at least 30 by Christmas, following the opening of three new sites.The news comes as the pretzel food-to-go business has just opened its 22nd site in the UK, based at Queensgate Shopping Centre in Peterborough, creating nine new jobs.Auntie Anne’s has also recently opened sites in the Centrale Shopping Centre in Croydon in May, as well as another outlet in The Mall, Arndale Centre, in Luton.Robert Burton, managing director of UK & Ireland, said:  “It’s clear that like thousands in the UK and across the world new customers at these premium shopping centres are enjoying our fresh and tasty pretzels. With this latest opening we are proud to be in the very prestigious Queensgate Shopping Centre alongside many other premium retail brands, our fifth store in the UK with Hammerson, the landlord for Queensgate.”The company said initial sales in all three new stores were “outperforming all expectations”, as Auntie Anne’s plans to sell almost two million hand-rolled sweet and savoury pretzels over the next 12 months in the UK and Ireland.In the UK the business is owned and operated by Aylesbury firm Freshly Baked Limited. Currently, Auntie Anne’s has a total of 1,200 stores within its international estate.last_img read more

Just the fax

first_imgMost of us associate the word “fax” with that big machine that sits — largely unused — in the corner of the office. A device for sending documents over a phone line, it seems to belong to an era when cell phones were the size of walkie-talkies.Indeed, the machine’s mechanical and chemical antecedents go all the way back to 1843, and the first wireless transmission of a photo facsimile was sent from New York to London in 1924. (A picture of President Calvin Coolidge.)Now there is a very modern twist to an old technology: “FAX,” a traveling art exhibit on view through April 10 at Harvard’s Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts. The idea — first executed two years ago at The Drawing Center in New York, and still co-organized from there — is to invite artists and others to use the fax machine to marry the art of the hand with the foibles of electronic transmission.The fax was a foreshadowing of Twitter and YouTube, said Joao Ribas, creator and curator of the original “FAX” exhibit in New York, and it represents the beginning of when artists got the tools to create communication networks.The work, beamed to a fax machine in the gallery, is posted on the walls. And all the while the show is up, faxes still roll into the exhibition space from scientists, architects, filmmakers, painters, and others. This is art on the fly, and shows off the humble fax as an artistic medium that is still largely untapped, despite experimentation that started four decades ago.The Carpenter Center show also revives some of the early rebellion of the fax, a fluid, democratized defiance of convention that now seems to reside wholly on the Internet. After all, the technology that started as a mainstay of business was also soon a medium for subversion, urban legend, and humor — the “faxlore” of office spoofs, crude jokes, and even transmissible body parts. (Ever see a squashed bum on paper? Of course.)The fax was a foreshadowing of Twitter and YouTube, said Joao Ribas, creator and curator of the original “FAX” exhibit in New York, and it represents the beginning of when artists got the tools to create communication networks.The show itself becomes a “network of collaboration in experimental time,” said Ribas, who is now curator at the MIT List Visual Arts Center. Earlier this month, he led a scrum of viewers on a tour of the latest iteration of “FAX,” which is co-organized by Independent Curators International.Multiple faxes from multiple contributors in multiple shows create a cumulative exhibit, and there’s no end in sight. “FAX” has already been on display in New York, Paris, Hong Kong, and elsewhere — with each show having its own invited list of up to 20 contributors. The faxed work, whimsical and weird, is posted on exhibit walls or filed in thick binders for viewers to peruse.As Ribas spoke, someone was just getting over the hiccups. Not a bad analogy for fax art though. The medium requires capricious airwaves, and a receptor technology that occasionally stutters, smears, or streaks the finished product.Leave it in, said Ribas. The caprice of the fax itself is part of the fun. “We wanted the machine,” he said, “to become a collaborator.”Painter and printmaker Tauba Auerbach was invited to contribute to the Harvard iteration of “FAX,” so she called Ribas and said she wanted to stop by and listen to the fax machine. While he sent faxes from across the street, she stayed in his MIT office “listening to it as an instrument,” he said. The result is a six-panel array, “What a Fax Says,” converting into letters and punctuation the familiar electronic noise the machine makes — a symphony of brrringgg!!! and purrrrr….“The fax machine is kind of this dumb thing in the room,” said Ribas, but it is also “essentially a printmaking machine” — an art medium that began when art did, with rubbings. It is also a machine that people treat as a camera, he said, or appropriate for a kind of “collage sensibility” suggestive of early Dada.Then there is the plebian heritage of the fax itself — the opportunity to be zany, and spread it around. So in the show you will find a faxed detail, courtesy of Cabinet magazine, from “spaghetti junction” by Ernst Falzeder. It’s part of his “family tree of psychoanalysts and their patients,” the card reads. Look for the circuitry of influences that connect Hermann Hesse, Jean Piaget, William Burroughs, Wilhelm Reich, and boxed names ending with “Freud,” including Oliver, Ernst, and Anna.In the archived faxes, gathered in three-ring binders, there is art worth looking at, too, including a series of closely edited press releases — along with faxed responses. And look for the faxed Ronald Reagan doodles, the faux eye chart (WTF, OMG, etc.), a faxed Post-it note conversation, and — yes — instructions on how to fax a smoke signal.“FAX,” being the creation of defiant creators, also includes at least one example of pure defiance. Boston artist Andrew Witkin was invited to send a fax to the show. He thought it over, typed a message out on yellow paper, made his corrections in Wite-Out, and hand-delivered it.A detail of Matt Sheridan Smith’s untitled piece (contrast test), 2008. Courtesy of the artist and Lisa Cooley Fine Artlast_img read more

COVID-19 variant brings new dimension to Europe’s pandemic

first_imgLISBON, Portugal (AP) — In its fight against COVID-19, Portugal lifted restrictions on gatherings and movements for four days over Christmas so that people could spend the festive season with family and friends. Soon after the holiday, the pandemic quickly got out of hand. Portugal has for almost a week had the most daily new infections and deaths per 100,000 people in the world, according to statistics compiled by Johns Hopkins University. Portugal’s problems illustrate the risk of letting down pandemic guards when a new, fast-spreading variant is lurking. Health experts warn the pandemic’s spread across Europe is being powered by an especially contagious virus variant first detected last year in southeast England.last_img

Three employees injured after aerosol can ruptures

first_imgTags: aerosol can, injuries, South Dining Hall Three South Dining Hall employees sustained minor injuries Thursday around 11 a.m. after an aerosol can ruptured in the kitchen of the dining hall, University spokesman Dennis Brown said.Brown said the employees were transported to St. Joseph Regional Medical Center for evaluation after the incident, which occurred when the can was accidentally exposed to heat.Brown said the kitchen was not damaged.Director of Notre Dame Food Services Chris Abayasinghe said the dining hall’s response procedure is to coordinate with other campus departments, such as the Notre Dame Fire Department, Notre Dame Security Police and Risk Management, and to review the incident afterwards.last_img

Pumpkin picking

first_imgBy William Terry KelleyUniversity of GeorgiaCorn shocks, hay bales, Indian corn and pumpkins have become popular in store windows, front yards and even the house in celebrating the fall season.When it comes to pumpkins, orange is still the norm, but you may want to try some alternative colors to enhance your fall display.Several newer varieties have expanded shoppers’ choices when hunting for the “Great Pumpkin.” There are buff colors, whites, reddish-orange and even blue-gray to choose from.Some of these may not have the look and shape of a standard pumpkin. But they do make for an attractive mix in the fall decor.Miniature pumpkins offer several options, including white, green mixed with orange and a fairly new one that’s a mixture of green, orange, white and yellow.Minis are sometimes coated with polyurethane to protect them and extend their shelf life. However, if you buy them without the coating, it’s easy to do yourself with a spray can or a small paint brush.Pick carefullyThe recent tropical storms have had an impact on the quality and quantity of pumpkins available this fall. Many were washed away by the torrential rains.The wet weather has also produced pumpkins that may not keep as well as in a drier season. Shoppers may pay a little extra for pumpkins this fall, and the selection may not be quite as extensive. So shop early.As you shop for the perfect pumpkin, be sure it has no soft spots or damage that will reduce the shelf life. Look for a good stem that’s fully dried. The more blemish-free the fruit, the longer it will likely last.Creative carvingWhen you’re carving for contests or Halloween, don’t cut the pumpkin more than a day in advance. You can extend the life of the carved pumpkin by keeping it covered with a damp cloth when it’s not on display.There are always plenty of resources you can use to carve out new and innovative designs. Carving kits are easily accessible in many stores and roadside pumpkin markets.One new product this year is a Dremel pumpkin-carving implement. The famous craftsmanship tool has developed a special unit just for use when carving your pumpkin. This device may make it easier to do those more complex designs you only dreamed about in the past.The possibilities continue to become endless for creating your own unique fall display.last_img read more

FSU students volunteer for Innocence Project

first_img FSU students volunteer for Innocence Project May 15, 2003 Regular News FSU students volunteer for Innocence Projectcenter_img More than 30 law students at Florida State University are eager to help free wrongly convicted prisoners by doing research for the Innocence Project’s new office in Tallahassee.“You have a chance to make a huge difference in people’s lives,” New York attorney Barry Scheck told FSU law students April 10, announcing the creation of a Florida branch of the nonprofit legal clinic he co-founded that uses DNA tests to challenge convictions. Since 1992, the Innocence Project has helped exonerate 127 inmates across the country, including two in Florida.“Being responsible for an innocent person walking out of prison would be a highlight in the lives of most lawyers. You have a chance to see your legal career peak early.”FSU law Professor Meg Baldwin will teach a course this summer on researching inmate claims and will coordinate pro bono work of reviewing files and evidence. Students have three ways to become involved in the project, Baldwin said:• Take a course that combines classroom instruction with hands-on research.• Volunteer to review actual files.• Apply for two clerkships funded by FSU’s Center for Human Rights, located near the law school on Jefferson Street.“This is a wonderful opportunity for our law students to learn how wrongful convictions occur and be part of the solution for Florida inmates who are innocent of the crimes they were convicted of,” Baldwin said.Training sessions for lawyers interested in offering pro bono services to the Innocence Project may also be offered at the law school.Scheck, co-director of New York’s Cordoza Law School-based Innocence Project who gained prominence as the DNA expert on the O.J. Simpson murder defense team, said he wanted a presence in Florida for two reasons:“The first is that this state has the third largest inmate population in the country, and we’ve identified more than 500 cases where DNA evidence might affect a conviction,” Scheck said.“The second reason is that all the criminal appeals records are in Tallahassee, and the law school provides us with a great resource of research talent.”The clock is ticking.Florida is one of 30 states that passed legislation providing a review process of prison inmates who believe they can prove their innocence through DNA testing. However, legislation passed during the 2001 session allows Florida prisoners only until October 2003 to file a claim.“Needless to say, we have a huge job ahead of us,” said Scheck, who also spent time lobbying legislators and Attorney General Charlie Crist for support in extending that deadline.Although the Innocence Project deals exclusively with claims involving DNA evidence, Scheck said he hopes that success in genetic testing will focus attention on other areas of criminal evidence. Noting that a number of crime labs, including one in Houston, have been shut down recently for poor quality work, Scheck said standards are inconsistent from state to state.“If the kind of attention we’re paying to DNA were applied to other aspects of criminal evidence, I think you would see a lot more innocent people being released from prison,” he said.The Florida Innocence Project will be directed by Jenny Greenberg, a 1988 FSU law graduate and former director of the Battered Women’s Clemency Project and the Volunteer Lawyers Resource Center. She will be responsible for fundraising and helping decide which cases will be researched.“I would say that her job is pretty overwhelming,” Scheck said.Already, in the basement of the Collins Building in downtown Tallahassee, members of the Innocence Project are poring over hundreds of pages of trial transcripts, searching for details of biological evidence – such as blood, semen, and saliva – that could be tested for DNA.Of more than 1,000 Florida prisoners who wrote to the New York office asking for help, the Innocence Project decided to investigate about 400.Recently, Greenberg, Huy Dao, the Innocence Project’s assistant director, and Sheila Meehan, an administrator for the Holland & Knight law firm’s Tallahassee office, were plunging into boxes of records, some piled five feet high.David Menschel, one of the project’s staff attorneys in New York, called the challenge in Florida “Herculean.”“It’s almost impossible to compare this to any other state,” Menschel said. “These aren’t simple cases.. . . What could very well take as long as a decade, we have to do in a few months.”What the Innocence Project already has managed to do in Florida is clear Frank Lee Smith of a 1985 murder, after he had already died of cancer in prison in 2000.And after serving 22 years of several life sentences for multiple murders in South Florida, Jerry Frank Townsend walked out of prison a free man in 2001.The project’s Web page — at – said it is a non-profit legal clinic that “only handles cases where postconviction DNA testing of evidence can yield conclusive proof of innocence. As a clinic, students handle the case work while supervised by a team of attorneys and clinic staff.last_img read more

On Compliance: HMDA outliers

first_img 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Use a statistical approach to determine whether your credit union’s data is likely to draw a fair lending Dana GinsburgThe term “HMDA outlier” is used by the National Credit Union Administration and other regulatory agencies to describe part of their criteria for selecting financial institutions for fair lending reviews. Unfortunately, it can be a daunting task for a compliance officer to get a handle on the CU’s Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data and answer the question: “Is my credit union a HMDA outlier?” This article shares a straightforward methodology, using public HMDA data, to identify HMDA outliers.NCUA’s 2013 Fair Lending Examination Program and Compliance Assistance states: “Federal credit unions that are HMDA outliers and demonstrate the potential for higher fair lending risk are subject to a fair lending exam in accordance with the FFIEC exam procedures.” In that guidance, NCUA also states that it will review the credit union’s annual HMDA report, and if that review indicates the credit union’s lending practices fall outside the normal range with regard to pricing, denials, withdrawals, or lending terms (when compared to other financial institutions) the credit union will be considered a HMDA outlier.A Data-based ApproachIn keeping with the NCUA guidance, ComplianceTech suggests using a statistics-based approach to determine whether a federal credit union is a HMDA outlier. This approach computes an average score (such as for denial rate, pricing and lending term) for a group of “peer” lenders, and then determines which of the individual lenders’ scores are far enough from the average to be considered an outlier. continue reading »last_img read more