Perennial care

first_imgBy Faith PeppersUniversity of GeorgiaMany beginning gardeners think planting perennials is easy. You plant them and year after year they perform with little care. Not true.”It’s a misconception that because perennials last from year to year they require little maintenance and care,” said Paul Thomas, a University of Georgia horticulture professor in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.”While some perennials survive with little care,” Thomas said, “more require some attention to look their best. In many cases, perennial beds require more work than annual beds.”Annual beds can be easily overhauled each year or even each season. Perennial plots are with you for the long haul. “But the rewards of perennials make the added maintenance worthwhile,” Thomas said.Thomas offers these tips to keep perennial beds looking their best:Watering. Perennials’ drought tolerance varies, but more require an ample moisture supply at least during active growth. Don’t rely on normal rainfall. Water if necessary.Allow the water to penetrate deeply. Frequent, light waterings aren’t advisable because they wet only the upper soil and result in shallow root growth and wet foliage and flowers. That’s an invitation to many diseases. Soaker hoses and drip irrigation systems work well with perennials. Mulching. To help conserve moisture, control weeds and improve the overall appearance of the garden, you need to mulch perennials. Mulches also tend to prevent soil crusting, which retards water penetration, and prevent soil from splashing on lower leaves and flowers.Mulches provide an added degree of winter protection, too. A word of caution: Heavy mulches that hold moisture can be detrimental, particularly to plants subject to crown rot. Pine bark, pine straw, wood chips and a variety of other materials are good. Fertilizing. Maintenance fertilization is essential to the continued growth of perennials. Apply 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 (1.5 pounds per 100 square feet) in early spring and once or twice again during the growing season.Base maintenance fertilization on soil tests. Applying phosphorus is often not needed once adequate soil levels become established. Water the bed after applying so the fertilizer enters the soil and is available to the plant. Wash any fertilizer off the foliage to prevent fertilizer burn.Controlling weeds. A well-prepared bed requires little cultivation. Deep cultivation is likely to injure roots and often uncovers weed seeds, which can then germinate. Weed control should usually be done by hand weeding or with herbicides.Use extreme caution when using a herbicide. Very few are suitable for use around perennials. Read the label carefully to be sure it won’t injure desirable plants.Defoliating. Remove dead foliage and stems in the fall. It’s natural for the tops of many perennials to be killed to the ground by frost. Some herbaceous perennials have evergreen foliage.Dividing and propagating. While the length of time varies, most perennials eventually become overcrowded and require division. Mature clumps can be cut or pulled apart. Divisions should usually contain three to five shoots or growing points. Discard any weak or diseased divisions.The time to divide perennials varies somewhat, but it’s most often fall or early spring, coinciding with desired planting dates. Many perennials are easily propagated in this way.To find out more about growing and caring for perennials and a good list of perennials that grow well in Georgia, see the Georgia Extension Service publication, “Flowering Perennials for Georgia Gardens” ( Peppers is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

Wilkinson signs short Stoke deal

first_img Wilkinson has not featured for the Potters since sustaining a bang on the head in the FA Cup defeat at Blackburn in February. A brief club statement read: “Stoke City can confirm that Andy Wilkinson has been given a contract until December 31, 2015 to enable him to regain full fitness with the support of the club’s medical staff after sustaining an injury last season.” Stoke defender Andy Wilkinson has signed a short-term deal with the club to enable him to recover from a serious head injury. Press Associationcenter_img Wilkinson, who has spent his entire career at his hometown club since progressing through the academy, was out of contract and waved an emotional goodbye to fans at the end of last season. The 30-year-old has made over 190 first-team appearances for Stoke since making his debut in 2001 and has had loan spells at Telford, Partick Thistle, Blackpool and Shrewsbury. He is hoping to return to competitive action in January. last_img read more

Football Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Norway organize a Girls Football Coaching Course

first_imgThe Football Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in cooperation with the Football Federation of Norway, organizes a seminar for football women’s coaches within the “Girls Football Coaching Course” project.The “Girls Football Coaching Course” project involves the education of women’s coaches as well as the development of grassroots football for girls from 7 to 12 years of age.This is the second seminar for football women’s coaches out of five planned. It started today at the FF BH Training Centre in Zenica and will last until Friday, 13th December.Project Implementation Advisor from FA Norway, Onar Nymoen, says about this seminar:“The aim of the course is to encourage as many girls as possible to play football. In order to achieve this, we must educate female coaches. In this seminar we will present them various activities related to working with the youngest ages. We try to motivate young coaches to work with children, but also to promote women’s football.”Coach Safeta Kavaz stated:“First of all, I would like to thank the FF BH for giving me the opportunity to participate in this seminar. This is an opportunity for us, young coaches, to gain new knowledge and to be able to help our clubs locally. Given that the Federation has also launched U-13 competitions for girls, this is an indication that women’s football in our country can only go ascending.”Another seminar participant, Nejra Halać, is pleased to be a part of this course:“This seminar is a very nice experience for me. I would like to see more girls involved in the development of women’s football in Bosnia and Herzegovina. I look forward to hanging out with other girls doing the same job as I do, as well as gaining new knowledge.”last_img read more