Indiana DNR: There is no such thing as ‘safe ice’

first_imgVersailles, In. — Indiana Conservation Officers are advising citizens across the Wabash Valley of the potential hazards of being on frozen lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams this winter.Recent temperatures in the Wabash Valley have brought about thin sheets of ice.Indiana Conservation Officers ask everyone to be vigilant and keep a watchful eye on neighborhood retention ponds, lakes and other waterways for those who may venture out and find themselves in trouble.Every winter, thousands of Hoosiers safely enjoy fishing, skating, hiking, or just sliding around on frozen ponds and lakes. And every year, people drown after falling through ice. Just like re-learning how to drive on snow versus clear roads, some Hoosiers need to re-learn how to safely have fun on ice.Conservation Officers want citizens to put safety first. Here are a few tips to remember when considering standing on or walking on a frozen lake or pond:No ice is safe ice.Test the thickness of the ice with an ice auger.  At least 4 inches of ice is recommended for ice fishing; 5 inches is recommended for snowmobiling.If you don’t know….don’t go.Wear life jackets or flotation coats.Carry ice hooks and rope gear.When on the ice, leave a note with a friend or family member of your whereabouts.Don’t test the thickness of the ice while alone.Indiana Conservation Officers say the best rule of thumb is, when walking on ice, to believe you are ‘walking on thin ice.’ Wearing a life jacket is especially important when on the ice. If you fall through, a life jacket will keep your head above the water until help arrives.“Ice is beginning to form on smaller bodies of water. We would like to ask that the community keep a close eye out for children in your area who may play on the ice. It takes extreme low temperatures and quite some time to form several inches of ice. We have not had those conditions in the Wabash Valley this winter,” said Indiana Conservation Officer Max Winchell.If you see a pet or other animal in distress on the ice, please do not venture on the ice after it.  This can often end in tragedy.  Contact your local emergency response personnel who are equipped to make a rescue on thin ice.Some bodies of water will appear to be frozen solid but actually can have thin ice in several unsuspecting areas. Flowing water, such as rivers and streams, should be avoided when covered by a layer of ice. Water that is surrounded by sand may freeze with inconsistencies in the thickness of the ice.Underground springs, wind, waterfowl and other animals can also keep areas of ice thin.last_img read more

Archery Guyana moving closer to Olympic qualification

first_imgARCHERY Guyana has announced the participation of its 29-year-old member Devin Persaud at the Hyundai World Archery Championships 2019 in the Netherlands.Devin has his roots in Rose Hall Town, Berbice but is currently residing and training in Canada.He has been involved in the sport of Archery for the past 5 years during which time he became so passionate about the sport, that he started Canada’s first online Archery Shop.This is a platform from which he shares his passion whilst assisting with the continued growth of the sport, as he continues to pursue his passion of representing Guyana at the highest level.This world competition represents his first opportunity to secure a spot for Guyana in the upcoming 2020 Tokyo Olympics.last_img

Arsenal and United fighting to sign Sterling for £15m – report

first_imgArsenal and Manchester United are to fight it out to sign Raheem Sterling for £15m, The Sun claim.It is suggested that the Harlesden teenager’s contract talks at Liverpool have stalled and United’s Sir Alex Ferguson and Gunners boss Arsene Wenger are both looking to capture him.Liverpool have stepped up their efforts to agree a new contract with Sterling, according to the Daily Mirror, who say Chelsea and Manchester City are interested and that the Anfield club fear they could lose him.Liverpool manager Brendan Rodgers is said to want Sterling’s future to be resolved soon – possibly by the new year.Meanwhile, QPR are among the clubs interested in signing former Everton midfielder Tim Cahill on loan from New York Red Bulls, the Daily Mail say.Sunderland are also said to be keen on the 33-year-old Australian, who is believed to favour a temporary return to Everton.The Daily Star say Frank Lampard will accept an offer to join QPR if he is left out of Chelsea’s Club World Cup game against Corinthians on Sunday.The Daily Telegraph have an interview with QPR’s Shaun Wright-Phillips, who feels manager Harry Redknapp can get the best out of him.This page is regularly updated. 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Mark Melancon, Will Smith vying for Giants closer job

first_imgSCOTTSDALE, Ariz.–Halfway through one of the most lucrative contracts ever signed by a relief pitcher, Mark Melancon insists he’s healthy for the first time.The pain that wreaked havoc in his forearm has apparently disappeared, leaving the right-handed reliever in excellent spirits heading into his third season with the Giants.“I haven’t felt this good since I got here,” Melancon said. “Mentally it was a grind and physically it was a grind. To have that (pain) gone is great.”The Giants …last_img

Peppered Moths Without Evolution

first_imgA new study shows that scientific research on moth camouflage does not require evolutionary theory.Evolutionary biologists from Seoul, South Korea filmed moths resting on tree trunks.  According to PhysOrg, they were trying to understand how moths in the wild orient themselves on the bark for greatest camouflage.  That’s a very different question than the ones asked by Kettlewell, Majerus and other past researchers who were looking for natural selection of peppered moths.  In those old studies, camouflage was a happenstance, not a behavior within the moth.  The opening paragraph referred to the old ideas as if preparing to dismiss them:Moths are iconic examples of camouflage. Their wing coloration and patterns are shaped by natural selection to match the patterns of natural substrates, such as a tree bark or leaves, on which the moths rest. But, according to recent findings, the match in the appearance was not all in their invisibility… Despite a long history of research on these iconic insects, whether moths behave in a way to increase their invisibility has not been determined.In other words, Kettlewell and Majerus didn’t take into account the moths’ behavior.  They treated moths as passive creatures that would alight on tree trunks at random.  They placed the selective power in the environment, with lower contrast producing greater camouflage, leaving the high-contrast moths vulnerable to birds.The South Korean researchers found, instead, that moth behavior plays a vital role in the camouflage.  They “found out that moths are walking on the tree bark until they settle down for resting; the insects seem to actively search for a place and a body position that makes them practically invisible.”  A video clip embedded in the article shows the moths doing this.To determine whether this final spot indeed made the moth really invisible, the researchers photographed each moth at its landing spot (initial spot) and at the final spot at which the moth decided to rest. Next, the researchers asked people to try to locate the moth from the photograph as quickly as possible. People had more difficulty finding the moths at their final spots than the same moths at their initial landing spots. Amazingly, this was even true for the species (Hypomecis roboraria) that only changed its resting spot on the tree bark without changing its body orientation. Therefore, the researchers concluded, that moths seems to actively choose the spot that makes them invisible to predators. How do they know how to become invisible? The research team is now trying to answer this question as the next step.The only mentions of evolution in the article concerned (1) the researchers calling themselves” evolutionary biologists,” (2) the fact that they work at the Laboratory of Behavioral Ecology and Evolution at the Seoul National University, and (3) their research being published in the Journal of Evolutionary Biology.  The abstract of that paper seemed very cautious about inferring evolution, stating: “Our study demonstrates that the evolution of morphological adaptations, such as colour pattern of moths, cannot be fully understood without taking into account a behavioural phenotype that coevolved with the morphology for increasing the adaptive value of the morphological trait.”  While this suggests the authors are proposing coevolution of behavior with camouflage, the statement is a backhanded swipe at earlier evolutionary research that neglected behavior.Speaking of moths, Live Science posted an interesting list of “7 Things You Don’t Know About Moths, But Should.”  These include their importance as pollinators, their role in the food chain for many other animals, and the males’ ability to smell females from seven miles away.  If we could get over the yuck factor, we might even find their caterpillars a nutritious superfood, meeting the minimum daily requirements of several important nutrients.  Moths are a sister family to butterflies in the Order Lepidoptera, and share many of the same characteristics.This story underscores the uselessness of evolutionary theory.  For decades, evolutionary biologists have strained at moths and swallowed camels.  They watched the simple things, like how closely a moth’s wings match tree bark, but ignored the weightier matters of moth complexity.  Those little flying things circling the lights in your backyard are astoundingly complex machines: they have compound eyes with hundreds of facets, jointed appendages, digestive systems, reproductive systems, navigation systems, communication systems, flight systems – all packed within their tiny, lightweight bodies.Even tougher on evolutionary theory, they undergo metamorphosis – a complete transformation of body plan three times in their lifecycle: egg to caterpillar, then caterpillar to pupa or chrysalis, then chrysalis to adult flying insect.  This is shown exquisitely in Illustra’s beautiful film Metamorphosis, which ends with sound reasons why Darwinism cannot explain these abilities.Yet for decades, evolutionists were obsessed with finding an example of natural selection in one species of moth, whether it landed on light or dark tree trunks.  And now we are told by the South Korean researchers that “evolution of morphological adaptations, such as colour pattern of moths, cannot be fully understood without taking into account a behavioural phenotype” – in other words, you cannot just play “Pin the Peppered Moth on the Tree Trunk.”  You have to watch what a living peppered moth does after it lands.  If Kettlewell had simply kept his grubby evolutionary hands off the moths, he might have found dark moths walking on a light-barked tree trunk looking for a better place to blend in, and vice versa.  More likely, the moths would be too smart to land on a high-contrast surface in the first place.Trying to invoke “coevolution” as a magic word is folly.  It means that evolutionists have to invoke a second miracle: first, the match between wing coloration and tree trunks, and second, the ability of the moth to actively search out and select a suitable spot for camouflage.  What causes that behavior?  The researchers have no idea.  As usual, they use the futureware escape trick: “more research is needed.”  The article said they are clueless: “How do they know how to become invisible?  The research team is now trying to answer this question as the next step.” Save a step: ask a creationist. (Visited 97 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

A proactive approach to the legalities of safety can pay dividends

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest  Thoughts of legal issues can make just about everyone cringe, especially when discussing safety regulations for agricultural operations. In times of tight budgets and ample regulations, the legalities of work site safety may not be a favorite topic but are well worth the time required to take proactive measures, starting with a suitable insurance policy, said Amanda Stacy Hartman, an attorney with Barrett, Easterday, Cunningham and Eselgroth, LLP.“Obviously, everybody should have their property insurance, liability insurance, all of that in line and make sure the limits to your coverage are going to cover any kind of accident that may happen,” Stacy Hartman said. “And employers, if your employees do get hurt on the job you should be paying workers comp insurance to take care of any needs they would have while they are out of work because of those injuries.”Amanda Stacy Hartman is an attorney with Barrett, Easterday, Cunningham and Eselgroth, LLC.It is also important to note that workers’ compensation does not cover intentional acts that result in a workplace injury — intentional torts. An intentional tort occurs because of a deliberate action prohibiting safety by the employer.“If one of your employees gets injured on the job because of an intentional tort, liability can fall on the employer. Maybe the boss was trying to play a practical joke on somebody but they ended up falling and breaking their leg — workers compensation wouldn’t cover that for an intentional tort, that liability would likely be on the company themselves,” Stacy Hartman said. “General liability insurance coverage is also important for customers that you may have at your facility. Workers Comp doesn’t cover customers — that is just for your employees. You need to make sure that you have that insurance policy in place. Make sure that it’s up to date, covering everything you have on site, all your facilities, and all the equipment that you have just to make sure nothing gets missed. Just make sure you are covered. If it’s just a couple dollars more to get that next level of coverage, do it.”Though costly, investing in insurance policies and the costs associated with prioritizing safety are cheaper and more effective options than ongoing shortcomings in the eyes of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The primary means of enforcement for OSHA is through workplace inspections, conducted without advance notice.“OSHA is that word nobody wants to hear,” Stacy Hartman said. “It’s terrifying to think about, but if OSHA inspectors do come to your facility, they do an inspection, and, hypothetically, let’s say you do end up getting a citation from OSHA because something was wrong. Maybe you didn’t have the right fall protection in place. The citations come in different forms. They can be ‘Serious,’ ‘Other than Serious,’ ‘Willful,’ and ‘Repeat’ based on that violation. You don’t want to be a ‘Repeat Violator’ and you also don’t want to be a ‘Severe Violator’ of the OSHA standards, because the penalities can be very large.”For those who do receive a citation, Stacy Hartman said the best way to move forward is not simply just paying the fine, but analyzing the cause of the error and making a continued effort to improve the operation’s safety.“When those citations come, you have 15 days to request an informal conference with the OSHA area director to discuss those violations. So it’s possible to work with them to come up with a timeframe to get this issue fixed if you’re not able to fix it within a matter of minutes after you realize it’s a problem, and also to work with OSHA to try to take care of that citation,” Stacy Hartman said. “For example, if you were to receive a citation from OSHA for having a ‘Serious’ violation or even an ‘Other Than Serious’ violation, which is related to job safety and health, that citation would likely say that you are required to pay around $7,000. Some companies may say let’s just pay this and move on with our lives. I would suggest that you instead talk to an attorney or someone more familiar with these OSHA issues, and have the informal conference with OSHA. Maybe you end up still paying the fine, but negotiating so you aren’t listed as having this ‘Serious’ citation or ‘Other Than Serious’ citation on your record would be ideal. If OSHA does come back within five years to any of your facilities — not just the facility that received a citation — and they find another violation or they issue another citation that is similar to the one you already received, your fines go up significantly because that original citation was already on your record and then you would be a repeat offender. You could be looking at paying $70,000 to $80,000 dollars per citation when these issues come up again.”A business does have the right to contest OSHA citations. It may be that the inspector incorrectly interpreted or applied an OSHA rule. Sometimes citations are withdrawn after an informal conference, while others may require more formal proceedings to resolve.Some of the most common violations given by OSHA include those related to dust and fall protection.“It’s easy to think, ‘Well let’s just climb up on this ladder and fix this one thing real quick,’ but you really need to have the harness in place to make sure you aren’t going to fall off the ladder,” Stacy Hartman said. “Growing up, we all probably climbed up and down ladders without a harness all the time, but in the workplace that’s not how we want to do things, and that is certainly not how OSHA wants things to get done.”To be proactive about OSHA regulations, Hartman suggests considering an informal audit of facilities from an independent third party. Although OSHA may be willing to visit your facility, this could pose a risk of a return visit and potential citations, especially if numerous problems were exposed.“There are individuals and companies available that can go out and do informal audits of facilities to make sure they are in compliance,” she said. “I would recommend those independent individuals and companies to come out and walk you through the audit. You can definitely learn a lot from them, I know I have learned a lot from them. They can help you along the way if you do have any questions as to what kind of safety precautions you need to have in place.”And then, in the instance of an accident, especially when someone gets injured, the media is often onsite wanting information, and asking questions. It is important to have a strategy planned on how such situations will be handled.“I would strongly recommend before any accidents like that happen, to have a game plan in place,” she said. “We’ve seen in the past when these accidents happen the media comes in and they want stories, they want to ask questions, they want to know what’s going on to fill everybody else in. Who is going to be talking to the media when they ask questions? Who is going to be getting all your other employees together to make sure they aren’t panicking? How will you control the situation? How will you keep everybody together and make sure everybody is up to speed on all the information? How will you relay that information to your employees, or to the media, the fire department, whoever may be there? You obviously want to be truthful and tell them what you know. Don’t be that guy that just says ‘no comment’ and walks away. You’ve got to keep people informed as to what is going on or there is going to be more panic or more speculation that people are coming up with as to what is actually going on at your facility.”Stacy Hartman suggests when communicating with media to work with a lawyer in preparing statements and preparing for interviews. In addition, anticipate questions and your response, particularly with difficult questions. Identify three to five key messages to deliver that can be stated in 20 seconds or less. Then be prepared to talk clearly and concisely. Expressing empathy, while not admitting liability, are important tools when talking with the media, Stacy Hartman said.A proactive approach to potential legal issues associated with safety can have tremendous long-term benefits for farms and Ohio’s agribusinesses alike.This is the second story in a series of safety related articles in cooperation with the Ohio AgriBusiness Association and its members.last_img read more