Godless: Is Psychiatry Science or Religion?

first_img“Ever since Freud described religious faith as an illusion and a neurosis there has been tension and at times hostility between religion and psychiatry,” reported EurekAlert.  “Psychiatrists are less religious on average than other physicians, according to previously published data from the same survey, and non-psychiatrist physicians who are religious are less willing to refer their patients to psychiatrists.”    This does not mean psychiatrists are hostile toward the religion of their clients.  In fact, they seem more interested in discussing it with clients than other medical doctors.  Many are also changing from linking religion with mental illness, the study says.  Some are even finding religious behaviors beneficial to clients’ mental health.  Medical doctors, by contrast, are far more likely to be religious themselves and view religion as important to their patients, according to an earlier survey by Brandeis University published on EurekAlert 11/14/2007, “A dose of God may help medicine.”    The statistics about psychiatrists come from a survey published in the December issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.  Farr Curlin, MD, associate professor of medicine at the University of Chicago, thinks the gap between religion and psychiatry is narrowing.  “In aggregate,” he said, “although psychiatrists may not agree with the claims of religion, they often witness its powerful effects on patients’ mental health, both for good and for ill.”Studies like this border on the meaningless.  To lump Scientology, animism and Christianity into one bin called “religion” almost guarantees that any conclusions will be invalid from the start.  It would be like trying to discuss anything meaningful about politics after lumping Democrats, Republicans, communists, fascists and anarchists into one group.    Psychiatrists are psychologists with medical degrees.  That gives them one leg up from psychologists, a sorry lot within “science” if there ever was one.  The one who needed his head examined was Freud.  He pulled science down a blind alley as much as Mesmer did.  Psychiatry has value only in so far as it diagnoses purely medical conditions that have a physical basis.  When it tries to explain the “psychological” cause of your problems, and prescribe a drug to cover up the consequences of your sinful behavior, save your money and go to a good church.    The only take-home lesson from this article is the bias of the pseudoscience of psychiatry against religion based on its Freudian roots – and Freud was a Darwin-loving apostate.  Psychiatrists have since evolved from calling religion a mental illness to calling it an evolved behavior that seems to confer some fitness benefits.  In other words, religion is still superstition in their view, but might be more healthy than they supposed.  How come no preachers or theologians were consulted to give their views on this subject?  While psychiatrists call preachers deluded or mentally ill, the preachers can turn around and call the psychiatrists sinners and spiritual counterfeits who proclaim false teachings as science falsely so called.  Whom can you trust?    Don’t think for a minute it’s the psychiatrists.  Their anti-religious views cannot possibly be true, because they are self-refuting.  If they wish to restrict all behaviors to physical causes, they must include their own beliefs about psychiatry and religion.  This makes the teachings of psychiatry nothing more than chemical reactions in a physical brain.  Who could say their chemical reactions are like yours or mine?  Who could possibly know that their reactions are more valid than anyone else’s, without reference to some external standard of truth that is universal, timeless and certain?  Their belief system dissolves into the sea of irrationality, and is therefore untrustworthy by definition.  Trust the source that alone is universal, timeless and certain: your Creator.  Only He knows the truth about the creatures He made.  Thank Him that he has provided his sentient beings with an operator’s manual for mental and spiritual health.  Learn it, study it, and when you still need help, go to those who make it their life work to rightly apply the word of truth.(Visited 59 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Gift of The Givers Plays its Part in Makhanda (Grahamstown)

first_imgA nation that takes care of its destitute, is a nation that instils in its people the ethos of active citizenship, of Ubuntu. This echo true for the citizens of Makhanda (Grahamstown) who reached out to Gift of the Givers for over the water crisis faced in the area.Settlers Dam is at 13%, water cannot be extracted from the last 10% due to high silt levels, effectively it has 3% reserves. Waainek Water Treatment Works that receives water from the very much smaller Howiesons Poort Dam had a problem with its pumping capacity due to electrical failure recently and was out of service for a few days.However, with rapidly dropping water levels in HP Dam, the Waainek Water Works will essentially shutdown. It supplies the West of the town with 8 Megaliters per day. The only feasible option is the James Kleynhans Water Works which is also compromised currently. It receives water from the Glen Melville Dam which in turn receives water from the Orange-Fish River scheme. But recent high content of mud that was released into the dam from the Fish River necessitated shutting down the pumps to allow for the mud to settle.Currently 80000 people in parts of Makhanda east and 19 streets in Makhanda West are without water. The municipality and residents are using water tankers and bottled water to compensate but the shortfall is huge.Days after the cry for help by the Makhanda community, the Gift of the Givers called on citizens across the country to assist. Dr Gideon Groenewald, Gift of the Givers specialist hydrologist, geologist, palaentologist, engaged the municipality to see what sustainable alternatives could be found in the immediate to medium term as work continues to double the capacity of the James Kleynhans Water Works to 20 Megalitres by 2020.On the 13th February 2019, distribution of water and siting of boreholes took place. There were jubilant shouts of “amanzi”, with faces beaming in disbelief as people ran towards the Gift of the Givers trucks entering Grahamstown. Nine days of no water, nine days of desperation. The crowds, including many university students, gathered outside the municipality eagerly awaiting whatever they could get. Our teams commenced delivery whilst Dr Gideon Groenewald, Gift of the Givers hydrologist, briefed the media on the drought issue.Dr Groenewald gave the municipality an in-depth presentation on various aspects of the drought with specific solution-oriented options focusing on boreholes as an immediate intervention for medium to long term relief.After the presentation, Gift of the Givers teams distributed water in the water starved communities whilst Dr Groenewald commenced his “search” for underground water.A special thank you to the magnificent team work, co-operation and commitment of the Municipality, SAPS, SANDF, RTI, volunteers and the community and a special thanks to generous South Africans.Contributions can still be made into Gift of the Givers, Standard Bank, Account Number 052137228, Branch Code 057525, ref. Drought, will be accepted. To obtain Section 18A tax benefit certificate please send proof of payment to donations@giftofthegivers.orgDetails toll-free on 0800786911. Visit our website and Facebook page for updates.last_img read more

Google To Announce Major Identity Initiative for 1 Million+ Companies and Schools

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Google plans to announce in coming weeks that it is turning each of the one million plus Google Apps customer domains into an OpenID provider, enabling millions of people to log in to OpenID-supporting websites with their work, school or organization ID.“For these organizations,” Google Security Product Manager, Eric Sachs, wrote on the public OpenID Board mailing list this morning, “Google Apps can now become an identity and data hub for multiple SaaS providers.” Sachs appeared to believe his email was not being posted to a public board; he asked that it not be circulated so that some unusual technical work could be completed and political support shored up in the face of likely community and press cynicism. There’s good reason for that – it may not be the good news it seems to be.But First, A Word from OpenID’s New SponsorOpenID is important not just because it makes logging in to sites around the web easy, with one username and a secure password, but because it’s a way for people or organizations to maintain control over their own identities and data. There are no policy changes you don’t approve of when you’re in control.Google’s Sachs explained in his email that in order to pull this all off, OpenID relying parties will need to be redirected from the domain provided at user login over to Google’s OpenID service. In order for this redirect to happen, all relying parties will need to start looking for a new OpenID extension that Google has developed and implemented in conjunction with one relying party technology, JanRain’s RPX. “There is the potential for some community members (or press) to assume (or at least imply in articles) some evil intent by Google to co-opt OpenID with these extensions,” Sachs wrote today. “It would be nice to have a blog post on the formal OpenID blog that was supportive of our approach, so I wanted to see if the board members are comfortable with that.”Watching to see if the nonprofit OpenID Foundation will speak out in support of Google’s forcing the rest of the industry’s hand with new code extensions that are required to recognize the users of one million Google Apps customer accounts will now be a spectator sport.Getting the Job DoneOn the other hand, if one were to put a group of well-intentioned people in a room and ask them to solve the sticky problem of asking millions of organizations to adopt OpenID provider infrastructure – that might not ever happen. Enter Google’s largess and the “proposal” that federated identity for all these companies and schools can be outsourced to a centralized player, Google, and OpenID might get a big boost in adoption. Companies and schools using Google Apps will now only need to flip a switch in their Google Apps admin controls to turn on OpenID support, and Google will do all the heavy lifting.Caveat EmptorPresuming that all the sites that let you log in with OpenID decide to play nice and look for Google’s redirect (to Google) then the idea of logging in to sites around the web with your favorite, secure account credentials (My Job, Powered By Google) could become far more common. It might defeat the purpose of putting people in control over their own identities through distributed identity providers, because so many “OpenID” users would be coming back to Google, but the OpenID brand would no doubt benefit in the short term at least. And Google can do no evil, right?In other words, this move by Google could kill the spirit of OpenID by drowning the letter of OpenID with support. We think we’re logging in to websites with our work or school ID, and OpenID lovers think we’re logging in with OpenID, but we’re actually logging in with a Google-controlled ID. All the heavy lifting would be done, Google would take care of the data storage and probably offer some neat value-added features. All the companies involved would have to do is hand online identity provisioning over to the company that they have already purchased email, calendaring and document sharing from. (“They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety,” Ben Franklin once wrote, “deserve neither liberty nor safety.”)At least it’s not Facebook! So goes the wrestling of titans, on the very playing field created by champions of the free and independent little guy. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img Tags:#Analysis#news#NYT#web Related Posts marshall kirkpatricklast_img read more

IPL 2011: Kolkata aim for home triumph against Rajasthan

first_imgThe away battle won, Kolkata Knight Riders will aim to win the home contest as well when they take on Rajasthan Royals in the return leg of the Indian Premier League at the Eden Gardens on Sunday.The Knight Riders on Friday stopped the Rajasthan Royals’ two- match winning run with a clinical nine- wicket victory in Jaipur.The two sides now meet again with the hosts overwhelming favourites this time.The new- look Knight Riders under Gautam Gambhir started Season IV shakily against Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s Chennai Super Kings losing the battle from a winning position.But the Knight Riders, who shunned local hero Sourav Ganguly, earned back the confidence of the city with an easy win over Deccan Chargers in their first home match.From there on, Knight Riders looked unruffled against the more fancied Royals in their away match that saw some failed strategies by the wily Shane Warne.The Aussie legend raised many eyebrows by keeping an in- form Shane Watson at number four in the batting order. With Watson not opening, Rajasthan Royals failed to get the blistering start that is so needed in Twenty20s.Fresh from his 185 not out with a record 15 sixes against Bangladesh, Watson scored 22 from 13 balls.Bangladesh skipper Shakib al Hasan, who saw Watson wreck his side a few days ago, did the Aussie all- rounder in after being hit for two sixes as Royals gave the Knight Riders a target of 160.Chasing the tricky target, the Knight Riders did not look in any trouble at all. Jacques Kallis was at his consistent best for his third consecutive half- century – – this time an unbeaten 80.advertisementGambhir played a skipper’s knock of 75 not out as he took the attack to Warne, who returned wicket- less conceding 28 in his four overs.Form on their side, Knight Riders boast of a balanced line- up and have three consecutive home matches lined up next.With runs under his belt, Gambhir can surely look forward to opening the batting with Kallis. In Manoj Tiwary, Yusuf Pathan, Eoin Morgan and Shakib, the Knight Riders batting runs deep and looks devastating.Their bowling too has got a boost with the addition of Aussie pace spearhead Brett Lee and Shakib.But even after the loss at home, it would be a folly to rule out Warne at the Eden.-With PTI inputslast_img read more

War on terror: Kabul celebrates liberation from Taliban by the Northern Alliance

first_imgHOPE ROLLS IN: Residents of Kabul, some exuberant, some cautious, watch Northern Alliance tanks rumble down the streets of the capitalWith an abandon he said he had not felt in years, 17-year-old Ahmad Zaki chased down a soccer ball on the dusty Wazeer field in central Kabul on Thursday, November,HOPE ROLLS IN: Residents of Kabul, some exuberant, some cautious, watch Northern Alliance tanks rumble down the streets of the capitalWith an abandon he said he had not felt in years, 17-year-old Ahmad Zaki chased down a soccer ball on the dusty Wazeer field in central Kabul on Thursday, November 15. His teammates and opponents yelped in delight as they ran after him, laughing at the tightness of his athletic shorts. He hadn’t worn them since he was 13.Their skills rusty but their enthusiasm at a peak Zaki and his friends took advantage of the third day of the Taliban’s absence in the Afghan capital to break at least two rules laid down by the hardline regime after it captured Kabul in 1996: playing sports and wearing short pants. “I’ve been waiting for this moment since I was young,” Zaki said, out of breath during a pause in the game. “Now I hope I can play every day.”KICKING AWAY THE PAST: A Kabul civilian pays his tribute to a dead soldier of his former Taliban rulersSmall scenes like this played out across the capital in the immediate aftermath of Northern Alliance troops taking control of the streets on November 13. They were the first signs of the tentative rebirth of a city. A boxing club – closed in 1997 by the Taliban, who wanted to turn it into a sandal factory – was refitted with its former punching bags and readied to reopen.In the Jamhuriat marketplace, cassette vendors blared previously forbidden Indian and Persian pop music from tiny loudspeakers, and openly hawked cassettes featuring pictures of unveiled beauties to crowds of young men and boys. Even a few western titles, such as a recording by Jennifer Lopez and the soundtrack of Legends of the Fall, could be found among the formerly dreary music selection.advertisementA few days earlier, customers who hoped to buy such wares had to arrange to meet the vendor at a secret location. “Under the Taliban, we were allowed to sell only religious music and recorded readings of the holy Koran,” said Ahmad Farid, who operates a cassette stall with his brother, Nisar. THE COLOUR OF VENGEANCE: Bodies of Taliban soldiers on the road leading to Kabul”Now I think business will improve.” It had been a heady 48 hours. As Northern Alliance troops rolled into Kabul on November 13 morning despite assurances they would remain outside the city, tens of thousands of surprised residents poured into the streets to welcome the new force in control of the capital, with expressions ranging from cautious optimism to uninhibited joy.After a hasty withdrawal of Taliban officials and military forces on Monday night, an estimated 6,000 Northern Alliance soldiers and police waited just hours before capturing Afghanistan’s biggest prize. At 10 a.m., the first truck-loads of heavily armed fighters entered the city from the north, fanning out to key staging areas, and drawing cheers, especially from young people who had chafed at the repressive Taliban regime.A cart carrying civilians gives way to a Northern Alliance T-62 tank speeding towards Rabat”This is unbelievable, like suddenly being let out of prison,” said 23-year-old Wafiulah Darwish as he waved at passing trucks overloaded with soldiers. “Last night the Taliban left, today the United Front arrives, and tomorrow I will shave my beard and buy a pair of jeans.”But many older residents of Kabul were more guarded in their enthusiasm, having endured nearly a quarter-century of almost constant clashes between forces tugging for control of the capital. “The mujahideen have been here before and made a mess of things, just like the Taliban and the Russians,” said Nabit Marzai, 63. “We will see if this lot can behave better.”Despite his doubts, though, Marzai could not help but return the traditional Afghan greeting, his right hand over his heart, to a group of soldiers. Fears that a Northern Alliance takeover of Kabul could result in wide – spread looting and violence seemed, for the moment, largely unfounded. But the deployment also failed to prevent scattered incidents of mob violence.LIFE STYLE, STRIFE-STYLE: A young girl stands in front of dresses on display in Kabul. Women forced to wear burqas were suddenly welcome at shops selling western-style clothing, reflecting a sartorial tectonic shiftIn a neighbourhood near the Kabul airport, more than a hundred Afghan residents dragged a man they identified as Pakistani through the streets, punching him and pelting him with stones to cheers of “Death to Pakistan!” Northern Alliance forces eventually arrived and hustled the man into a bus.At the home of Taliban Defence Minister Mullah Obaidullah, who apparently fled the city on the night of Monday, November 12, Northern Alliance guards kept Pakistan resident Abdul Ghani locked in a downstairs bathroom, his wrists bound with a headscarf. Claiming to have been brought forcibly to Afghanistan to fight with the Taliban, Ghani had been “arrested” on the street by Kabul residents early on Tuesday morning, said guard Mohammad Aziz. “We will keep him here until we have the facilities to put him on trial,” said Aziz. advertisementAn Afghan man shakes hands with a teenaged neighbour in the sort of streetside encounter that was banned by the Taliban and would probably give Mullah Omar the shivers”He will not be physically harmed.” Other areas of the city bore more grisly signs of a chaotic shift of power. In a park near the city centre, the bodies of three men identified by onlookers as Taliban sympathisers lay bloodied by multiple gunshot wounds. On the northern outskirts of town, the corpses of four apparent Taliban fighters were strewn by a roadside, their mouths stuffed with Pakistani banknotes by killers angry at the neighbouring country’s support for the Taliban.Widespread looting was reported in the early morning hours of November 13, including at a Red Cross storage facility and the home of one of the organisation’s expatriate staff members.PSSST PLEASURES: Kabulis ogle at postcards of Indian actorsSuch reports were cited by the Northern Alliance as justification for the takeover of the city. “We had not planned to move into Kabul, but when the Taliban left there were many bad elements in the city, with weapons at their disposal who put at risk the safety of the citizens,” said Abdullah Abdullah, the foreign minister of the Northern Alliance’s political wing.Though relatively efficient because of the sheer numbers of soldiers on the streets, the first steps at law enforcement by the Northern Alliance appeared somewhat confused. Newly inaugurated police officers, wearing confiscated traffic warden helmets, checked many cars for weapons, but seemed bewildered in their efforts to control the frenzied flow of automobiles, bicycles, and pedestrians.A man carries a video player out of a shopA few of the city’s traffic wardens who remained after the Taliban’s exit offered tips to their new colleagues. “My bosses fled with the Taliban, but they said I should just go to work as usual,” said Nuraghman Omani, a 13-year veteran of traffic control in Kabul.”Now maybe I will get a promotion. The early changes in the behaviour of Kabul residents were far from universal. At the Shahala family’s home-based, underground beauty parlour, formerly illegal due to the Taliban edict against women wearing makeup, patriarchs barred foreign visitors from seeing the beauticians and their customers. “We do not allow access to our women,” said Sahid Sahala, who declined to give the name of his sister who runs the beauty parlour.A young Afghan shaves for the first time in five years”Even if we open a legitimate salon some day, we will provide access to customers only. As in other areas of Afghanistan, most women in Kabul continued in public to wear the head-to-toe burqas; a few shed the heavy garment and showed their faces for the first time. The Northern Alliance announced that it would encourage women to seek employment outside their homes and to gain an education – both forbidden under Taliban rule. That announcement came over the airwaves of the newly renamed Radio Afghanistan, and the radio station quickly followed the advice; it hired three women to read the news. The station also played popular Afghan music along with public service announcements urging residents to stay calm, obey the law, and return to work.advertisementVANQUISHED: Taliban prisoners on the way to Kabul. Some of the few Taliban sympathisers who remained in Kabul were shot dead, while a suspected Pakistani bore the brunt of mob furyDespite the public relations push, the Northern Alliance had to square many circles. A battle still raged in Jalalabad and Kandahar. The leadership issue was still a question mark. At a traffic booth near the empty Ministry of Communication building, a crowd of about 30 men jostled for a better view of a photocopied image of Ahmed Shah Masood, the Alliance’s war hero, assassinated in September. Most of the onlookers refused to budge as others tried to elbow in for a view.FREEDOM ON AIR: The logo of Radio Afghanistan being reinstalled in Kabul. The station has hired three women newscasters.For at least 15 minutes, those close enough read again and again the quote inscribed below Masood’s photo: “We may find enough food to eat and enough water to drink, but life is meaningless without emancipation.” “We are all still in mourning for our lost leader,” said Bariolai Osmoni, 38. “My only wish is that our country can produce other great leaders who can make Afghanistan proud and independent.”Throw in “peaceful” and “stable” and you have the whole world’s prayers.last_img read more

Volvo S60 and XC60 R-design new variants for Indian market

first_imgNew Volvo S60Swedish auto manufacturer Volvo has introduced the all-new S60 and XC60 R-Design in India. The company says that both vehicles give a sports-car feel and feature a specially developed chassis to enhance the overall driving experience. The chassis has assisted in sharpening the steering and improved the vehicle’s agility.With the new R-Design, Volvo has decided to target the young audience. The XC60 R-Design gets an front-end, which features a Tech Matte Black grille with an R-Design emblem and high gloss black stripes. DRL lights in the outer corners give a low, road-hugging impression of the vehicle. In addition, the Ixion alloy wheels are available in a redesigned 18-inch version for both S60 and XC60.On the inside, the new sport seat now comes as a standard provision in the R-Design cars. There is also a unique three-spoke, leather-covered R-Design steering wheel that adds to its sporty looks. Adaptive Digital Display allows the driver to switch between three layouts with different configurations and functionalities – Elegance, Eco and Performance.In terms of engines, Volvo XC60 R-Design models are equipped with in-line 4 cylinder, turbo diesel, 2-litre engines that produce 181bhp of power and 400Nm peak torque.The new Volvo S60 and XC60 R-Design are top-of-the-line variants in their respective range. Standard equipment such as the new navigation system, gear-shift paddles, premium sound system, heated front seats, personal car communicator, sunroof, and rear parking camera are available. .Commenting on the new S60 and the XC60 R-Design, Magnus Jonsson, Senior Vice President Product Development, Volvo Cars said, “The all-new S60 and XC60 are our sportiest models ever. With R-Design they are even sharper. They’re the natural choice for true connoisseurs.”advertisementlast_img read more