Mice like people like to be rocked to sleep

first_img Email Mice, like people, like to be rocked to sleep The researchers did not look for a benefit of rocking on memory, which a related study suggests is a benefit for humans. The mice showed other differences from people as well; the rodents like to be rocked about four times faster than we do, for example. These differences might reflect the fact that mice carry their pups around in their mouths, which has a lulling effect, rather than rocking them in their arms like humans. But the researchers say it’s too early to speculate on shared evolutionary mechanisms.More intriguingly, mice that lacked a key part of the vestibular system called otoliths—teensy stones that sense linear acceleration—did not get any benefit at all from being rocked at bedtime, confirming the vestibular system’s central role in the effect, the team reports today in Current Biology.The results might lead to better noninvasive treatments for sleep disorders, the researchers say. For example, understanding how the brain uses the “rocking signal” to promote sleep might usher in alternatives such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, which uses electrical impulses to stimulate nerve cells and has been used to treat other brain disorders such as depression. But for now, you’re probably fine with a hammock. By Mary BeckmanJan. 24, 2019 , 12:00 PM Juniors Bildarchiv GmbH/Alamy Stock Photo Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Forget the running wheel. If your pet mouse is an insomniac, what it really needs is a hammock. New research shows that mice, just like humans, fall asleep faster with a gentle sway.Mild rocking helps both adults and children fall asleep faster and experience deeper, longer sleep. Scientists have suspected that the human vestibular system—the bits of the inner ear that keep us balanced and oriented in space—are involved, but there’s been no solid proof.So, in the new study, researchers put mouse cages on rocking platforms, monitored the animals’ brain activity, and measured how well they slept. The rodents slept 12% longer with rocking than without, and they fell asleep 51% faster if they had been sleep-deprived. But their brain signals did not indicate a deeper sleep. Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Countrylast_img read more

Oldest evidence of marijuana use discovered in 2500yearold cemetery in peaks of

first_img The region’s high altitude could have stressed the cannabis, creating plants naturally high in THC, says co-author Robert Spengler, also of MPI-SHH. “It is quite likely that people came across cannabis plants at higher elevations that were naturally producing higher THC levels,” he says. But humans may also have intervened to breed a more wicked weed, he adds.”The methods are convincing, and the data are unambiguous regarding early use of cannabis as a psychoactive substance,” says Tengwen Long, an environmental scientist at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom who has researched cannabis origins. But Megan Cifarelli, an art historian at Manhattanville College in Purchase, New York, who has studied ancient drug use, notes the aromatic fumes might also have had another purpose: to mask the smell of a putrefying corpse.Yang’s and Ren’s team thinks cannabis use was restricted to elites until potent pot began to spread across Central Asia through the Silk Road linking China with Iran. In 440 B.C.E., the Greek historian Herodotus wrote that the nomadic Scythians, who controlled vast areas from Siberia to Eastern Europe, made tents and heated rocks in order to inhale hemp vapors that made them “shout for joy.” And Andrei Belinski, an archaeologist based at the heritage museum in Stavropol, Russia, in 2013 began to excavate a nearby 2400-year-old Scythian tomb that held gold vessels bearing residues of both opium and cannabis, supporting the idea that elites used the drug first.Ancient artwork and textual references from Syria to China hint at even earlier cannabis drug use, and the new analytical methods could soon provide concrete evidence of this, says Michael Frachetti, an archaeologist at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. But it’s already clear that the ancient Silk Road trafficked in more than spices, grains, and ideas. “Crops weren’t just about food,” he says. “They were also about making contact with another world.” Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country 0 By Andrew LawlerJun. 12, 2019 , 2:00 PM CaucasusMountains Email Today, more than 150 million people regularly smoke cannabis, making it one of the world’s most popular recreational drugs. But when and where humans began to appreciate the psychoactive properties of weed has been more a matter of speculation than science. Now, a team led by archaeologists Yang Yimin and Ren Meng of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing reports clear physical evidence that mourners burned cannabis for its intoxicating fumes on a remote mountain plateau in Central Asia some 2500 years ago.The study, published today in Science Advances, relies on new techniques that enable researchers to identify the chemical signature of the plant and even evaluate its potency. “We are in the midst of a really exciting period,” says team member Nicole Boivin of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (MPI-SHH) in Jena, Germany. The paper is part of a wider effort to track how the drug spread along the nascent Silk Road, on its way to becoming the global intoxicant it is today.Cannabis, also known as hemp or marijuana, evolved about 28 million years ago on the eastern Tibetan Plateau, according to a pollen study published in May. A close relative of the common hop found in beer, the plant still grows wild across Central Asia. More than 4000 years ago, Chinese farmers began to grow it for oil and for fiber to make rope, clothing, and paper. Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Archaeologists have spotted signs of ancient cannabis use from western China to the Caucasus. Oldest evidence of marijuana use discovered in 2500-year-old cemetery in peaks of western China The cannabis burned 2500 years ago at the Jirzankal cemetery, 3000 meters high in the Pamir Mountains in far western China, was different. Excavations there have uncovered skeletons and wooden plates, bowls, and Chinese harps, as well as wooden braziers that held burning material. All are typical of the Sogdians, a people of western China and Tajikistan who generally followed the Persian faith of Zoroastrianism, which later celebrated the mind-expanding properties of cannabis in sacred texts. At Jirzankal, glass beads typical of Western Asia and silk from China confirm the long-distance trade for which the Sogdians became famous, and isotopic analysis of 34 skeletons showed that nearly a third were migrants. Radiocarbon analysis put the burials at about 500 B.C.E.The wooden braziers were concentrated in the more elite tombs. Yang’s and Ren’s team ground bits of brazier into powder and applied gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to identify chemical compounds left behind. They found unusually high levels of THC compared with typical wild cannabis, although much less than in today’s highly bred plants. The cannabis was apparently burned in an enclosed space, so mourners almost certainly inhaled THC-laced fumes, the authors say, making this the earliest solid evidence of cannabis use for psychoactive purposes. Caspian Sea Pamir Mountainscenter_img CHINA Pinpointing when people began to take advantage of hemp’s psychoactive properties has proved tricky. Archaeologists had made claims of ritual cannabis burning in Central Asian sites as far back as 5000 years ago. But new analyses of those plant remains by other teams suggest that early cannabis strains had low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the plant’s most powerful psychoactive component, and so lacked mind-altering properties. One academic who works in Central Asia said he and colleagues tried to smoke and eat wild varieties—but got no buzz. N. DESAI/SCIENCE Jirzankal cemetery TAJIKISTAN 250 XINHUA WU IRAN Ancient people put cannabis leaves and hot stones in this brazier, and likely inhaled the resulting smoke. Km Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*)last_img read more

Microsoft Adds AI to HoloLens Silicon

first_imgMicrosoft isn’t alone in thinking that more processing has to be done at the endpoints of a network, especially in light of the projected growth of the Internet of Things.”We’re seeing people bringing artificial intelligence and machine learning to specific silicon at the endpoint,” said Bob O’Donnell, chief analyst at Technalysis Research.”We’re seeing efforts to take real-time sensor input and apply algorithms to that without having to go to the cloud,” he told TechNewsWorld. “Companies are increasingly realizing that to do cutting-edge products, they have to do their own silicon.”Microsoft and others are recognizing that when doing compute-intensive tasks at the network’s edge, they should be done as close to the source of the data as possible, noted Mark Hung, a research vice president at Gartner.”It makes for a better experience for the user and reduces latency and the costs of communication, and the burden on cloud services,” he told TechNewsWorld.”Microsoft is thinking long-term and saying let’s do this now and get ahead of the curve,” Gold added. “Everyone at the high end of the AR market is going to have to do something similar.” Trending Approach The addition of AI silicon to HoloLens will help Microsoft maintain its leading position in the AR/MR market, noted Ian Hughes, an Internet of Things analyst at 451 Research.”Adding to the next device’s processing power with additional AI will keep the company at the forefront of AR development,” he told TechNewsWorld.Maintaining that leadership position is very important to Microsoft.”That’s a critical issue considering the fact that every major Microsoft competitor, including Apple and Google, are developing similar platforms in-house,” Pund-IT’s King told TechNewsWorld.Beefing up HoloLens’ AI chops could have a significant impact on the AR market, noted David MacQueen, executive director for apps and media at Strategy Analytics.”I think having such a major player — and a very serious player when it comes to the enterprise sector — building in this technology will see it become more commonplace in the AR market,” he told TechNewsWorld.”It could push AR ahead of VR,” said King, “in terms of market share and impact.” Impact on AR Market HoloLens will benefit from the addition of AI silicon, according to Eric Abbruzzese, a senior analyst with ABI Research.”Higher accuracy in head tracking and georegistering content — locking digital content to the real world — is the primary benefit, with the side effect of a platform gradually growing in capability,” he told TechNewsWorld.The additional silicon could boost performance and user safety, said Patrick Moorhead, principal analyst at Moor Insights and Strategy.”With a high performance AI chip, less processing needs to be done in the cloud, and therefore HoloLens could be faster, more secure and more private,” he told TechNewsWorld.That speed could have another benefit to the HoloLens ecosystem.”It could lead to entirely new kinds and classes of [augmented reality] solutions for consumers and businesses,” said Charles King, principal analyst at Pund-IT. Beneficial Addition The next version of Microsoft’s HoloLens may be better at navigating reality than the current version of the mixed-reality headset, thanks to a new coprocessor the company announced Sunday.The second version of HoloLens’ custom multiprocessor — called a “holographic processing unit,” or HPU — will incorporate artificial intelligence technology, Harry Shum, executive vice president of the Artificial Intelligence and Research Group, said at the annual CVPR computer vision event.The new HPU will enable HoloLens to do the kind of deep learning processing that typically is done only in the cloud. HoloLens is designed to be a self-contained holographic computer — battery, sensors and display are contained in the headset. The HPU allows the headset to negotiate reality without experience-killing latency.”Once you get the pattern algorithms straightened out, you want to run them locally because users can’t deal with any information lag,” said Jack E. Gold, principal analyst at J.Gold Associates.”It’s got to be local and instantaneous,” he told TechNewsWorld. “Latency kills you in these mixed-reality applications.”Adding an AI coprocessor to HoloLens “is the kind of thinking you need if you’re going to develop mixed reality devices that are themselves intelligent,” noted Marc Pollefeys, director of science at HoloLens.”Mixed reality and artificial intelligence represent the future of computing, and we’re excited to be advancing this frontier,” he added. John P. Mello Jr. has been an ECT News Network reportersince 2003. His areas of focus include cybersecurity, IT issues, privacy, e-commerce, social media, artificial intelligence, big data and consumer electronics. He has written and edited for numerous publications, including the Boston Business Journal, theBoston Phoenix, Megapixel.Net and GovernmentSecurity News. Email John.last_img read more

Facebook and Google Could Be Nationalized in 510 Years

first_imgAfter reading Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg’s testimony, and viewing some video clips of his appearances before Senate and House committee hearings last week, it became very clear to me — and I expect many in Congress (these were unprecedented events, and it’s an election year) — that social media companies need to be regulated.However, I think this is only a step in the path that governments — and I do mean more than the U.S. — will take to ensure their effectiveness and protect their people. I’m not suggesting the U.S. Congress, whose members currently appear to be woefully out of step, could run these companies better.What I can see easily, though, is that as technology evolves, the need for national security will drive Congress to take control of the digital identities of citizens, both to protect the people better and to ensure that the government and country survive.I’ll share some thoughts on that this week and close with my product of the week: IBM’s new “Skinny” System Z mainframe. If we think in terms of ordnance, the nuclear bomb is the most powerful, and no government would be willing to allow a company to amass any of those things — let alone enough to overthrow the government. Yet all a bomb can do is intimidate and destroy. It doesn’t really control.Were a firm to acquire a critical mass of nuclear weapons, it is likely more than one government would work inordinately hard to remove the threat to ensure the sovereignty of that government. (I’m thinking there would be a crater where that company used to be.)What the various world governments are coming around to understanding is that deep data on individuals can be far more powerful than a bomb. Deep data can be used to overthrow governments without the government even knowing it is at risk.The citizens are the real power behind a government. If you can control them, you effectively can control a nation — the government becomes both redundant and subordinate.We are currently dealing with the fact that Facebook, which clearly now has that power, sold it to a third party, potentially aiding a foreign government’s efforts to control a national U.S. election. Attempting to influence an election isn’t new — governments have done it to one other for centuries. However, this may very well be the first time that a large company has had this power and made it available to a hostile nation for use against its own country.This kind of control and really bad decision making used to exist only in the public sector. Based on investigations in the U.S. and in the EU, the public sector appears to be coming around, slowly, to the idea that something on a national level — if not world level — needs to be done.It is interesting to note that traditional media outlets, which were hurt massively when both Google and Facebook emerged, seem to be on the front lines in this effort. Taking Over Facebook Whether we foolishly gave Facebook power or watched Google seize it, the result is that it isn’t in the long-term health interests of any government — or even those of Facebook and Google — that they have it.If nothing is done to mitigate the risks, governments will view these firms as the existential threats they already are and use draconian measures to seize them. Nationalizing these companies on a country-by-country level is now the most likely outcome. These firms still might have the power to avoid this threat and take actions to put in place a company- and government-independent control structure to ensure our personal information won’t be weaponized against us.Certainly, any small number of employees could come up with a more practical plan than members of the U.S. Congress, who continually seem to struggle with technology, could come up with. However, if Facebook and Google don’t fix the threats they represent, they are building toward their own terminations. Last week’s hearings should have been a huge wake up call to both. Even after that diet, though, it still remains the strongest encrypting cloud scale server on the planet, and one of the most powerful Linux platforms as well. Even Microsoft embraces Linux now (I’m still looking for the ice coming out of hell.)Granted, individually we couldn’t afford this thing — but collectively, thanks to the cloud, we have access to it. Oh, and I should add that IBM also stands out for embracing the belief (though Microsoft recently joined them in this) that AI should be developed exclusively to enhance people’s capabilities, not replace them. I don’t know about you, but to me that is the far better path.Because it makes me feel safer knowing that it and companies like IBM are out there, the IBM Z mainframe is my product of the week.Oh, and I wish to thank the United Network Command for Law and Enforcement, without whose assistance this column would not be possible. Rob Enderle has been an ECT News Network columnist since 2003. His areas of interest include AI, autonomous driving, drones, personal technology, emerging technology, regulation, litigation, M&E, and technology in politics. He has an MBA in human resources, marketing and computer science. He is also a certified management accountant. Enderle currently is president and principal analyst of the Enderle Group, a consultancy that serves the technology industry. He formerly served as a senior research fellow at Giga Information Group and Forrester. Email Rob. IBM System Z ‘Skinny’ Mainframe Facebook is now in the spotlight, but I think Google is by far the bigger problem. I’m still thinking about the books Brotopia and Technically Wrong. In both books, Google is by far represented as the worse actor between the two firms.Google also has far more data about people and far more that we didn’t realize we gave up. It effectively holds a superset of what Facebook holds, and it has been accused of lobbying against regulations to limit sex trafficking — the sale of young girls into slavery. Google apparently was the most powerful company aggressively trying to block the legislation.It recently failed, but until then it had been successful, possibly because it had far more influence on the Obama administration then it does on the Trump administration. However, those efforts ensure its position at the top of the pile of bad-acting U.S. companies.There is a lot of concern about someone developing an artificial intelligence system that would have Terminator-like tendencies. The company that has come up in most every conversation I’ve been part of as most likely to develop such a system is Google. Ironically, the company with the tag line “do no evil” appears to have evolved into the stereotypical Bond villain.Google’s potential power and focus makes it far more dangerous in the long term than Facebook ever could become. The U.S. government currently has the power to seize all of Facebook’s physical assets. The FTC has in place a consent decree with Facebook, which seemingly was violated. Based on the formula in the decree, the fines that could be imposed possibly could exceed Facebook’s current assets by a significant amount. Certainly, they could amount to more than even the most capital-rich company could pay. The U.S. government has the power, authority, and resources to fine Facebook into nonexistence.Current discussions suggest the plan is to do something far less severe than that — but do realize that if you or I were facing this situation after committing a crime, the fact that we couldn’t pay the fine likely would be our problem to solve.I doubt the government actually will take over Facebook at this point. However, the lack of control over user data and the fact that a second company apparently has misused it suggest that we probably haven’t seen the last of these disclosures. (You may recall how the information about the extent of the Yahoo breaches kept getting worse over time.) It’s possible that the Facebook scandal still could escalate to a level even Facebook couldn’t survive.I’m not expecting a near-term fix, but what I do foresee is that with 44 senators attending the Zuckerberg hearing, “fixing Facebook,” or possibly eventually nationalizing it, will become a common political goal. That goal should mature to action around the time of the next presidential election — thus the five- to 10-year range of my prediction. Wrapping Up We live in a hostile world. There are threats coming both from foreign and domestic bad actors. Hacking has reached world war potential, and technology vendors like Intel have become their — and our — worst nightmares. (I’m still stuck on Intel’s lack of candor about its security exploits, its favoring China over the U.S. with disclosures and its alleged insider trading.)Of all the vendors, the one that has the longest and most storied reputation for taking care of its customers remains IBM, and its most secure system is still its mainframe.Last week it announced new products that deal with its most significant problem: The mainframe has been too damn big to fit in most server farm setups. IBM put it on a diet. Given that most of us have been giving away our data unthinkingly, and that it can be used to manipulate us as a nation, ownership shouldn’t reside with us alone. In much the same way that the government attempts to protect us from ourselves with laws and restrictions surrounding alcohol use, drug use, sexual behavior, reproduction, driving, smoking — well, the list could go on for a while — it probably will conclude that it must at least have joint ownership over our data.It’s arguable that the governments of some countries, where power is more absolute — for example, Russia, North Korea and China — already do.Still, given that governments tend to misuse the power they have, such ownership likely would result in illegal actions within the government that potentially could subvert democratic processes. We certainly have seen this in governments that own or control their own press or media.Citizens’ personal data only makes that control far more effective. In the hands of any government, it not only would ensure the death of democratic processes, but also the eventual abuses of citizens at massive scales.I think personal data should be regulated by an organization independent of any government and with the power to defend itself against any government. I’d point to the United Nations as the closest entity that approaches that power, but the UN really isn’t much more than a paper tiger. The kind of power I’m talking about would guarantee its becoming even more deeply compromised by the most power governments controlling it.One of my favorite TV shows years ago was The Man from U.N.C.L.E. “U.N.C.L.E.” stood for “United Network Command for Law and Enforcement.” It was kind of a superset of Interpol with far more capabilities and power, and that’s what we need in the case of data protection, before any one government — even our own — nationalizes Facebook and Google. Who Should Own Your Data? Google Under the Radar More Powerful Than a Nuclear Bomblast_img read more

Almost 60 of truck drivers experience musculoskeletal pain finds Canadian study

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 30 2018Almost 60 per cent of truck drivers in a recent Canadian study reported experiencing musculoskeletal (MSD) pain and discomfort on the job, even though it may be preventable.”Given the fact that MSDs account for nearly one-half of all work-related illnesses and the transportation sector makes up a significant portion of that, understanding the risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders is important,” said lead author Sonja Senthanar, a doctoral candidate in the School of Public Health and Health Systems. “While the link between trucking and MSDs has been studied in other countries, there is a dearth of research in Canada.”According to the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, truck driving is the second most common occupation in Canada, employing nearly one in 35 males between the ages of 20 and 64 years (check).Public health researchers at the University of Waterloo surveyed 107 male truck drivers passing through two popular highway stops in Southern Ontario and found that 57 per cent had experienced musculoskeletal pain and discomfort, especially low back pain. They found an association between this pain and discomfort and specific risk factors, including organizational safety climate, level of risk associated with the job, exhaustion from work tasks, being married and having higher education levels.Senthanar said that being married and more educated are presumably associated with pain and discomfort because the presence of a spouse and knowledge gained from education can increase awareness of musculoskeletal symptoms – and therefore rates of reporting.Related StoriesEngineered stem cells offer new treatment for metastatic bone cancerOpioid overdose deaths on the decline says CDC but the real picture may still be grimNew research links “broken heart syndrome” to cancerCo-author Philip Bigelow, a professor in the School of Public Health and Health Systems, said, “Physical exposures such as awkward postures, repetition, lifting, whole body vibration and prolonged sitting, as well as personal factors such as physical fitness and job satisfaction, are known to be associated with the development of MSDs. Since driving a truck involves a variety of these risk factors, programs that address these multiple factors are needed.”Bigelow said that a number of large Canadian carriers have adopted programs that take holistic approaches that include reducing vibration exposures through improved seating, modifying workloads and physical tasks, as well as promoting the overall wellness of drivers by encouraging physical activity and healthy eating.Researchers at the University of Waterloo are members of a Canadian team of researchers that is engaged with stakeholders in the industry to identify such wholistic programs and to evaluate their impacts. They hope that companies with successful programs can act as champions of driver health and wellness to improve working conditions for all truck drivers.The research paper, “Factors associated with musculoskeletal pain and discomfort among Canadian truck drivers: A cross-sectional study of worker perspectives,” was published in the Journal of Transport and Health by Senthanar and Bigelow, who also works at UWaterloo’s Centre of Research Expertise for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (CRE-MSD). Source:https://uwaterloo.ca/last_img read more

Combination of a vaccine and checkpoint drugs reduces pancreatic tumors in mice

Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Dec 18 2018Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center discovered a combination of a cancer vaccine with two checkpoint drugs reduced pancreatic cancer tumors in mice, demonstrating a possible pathway for treatment of people with pancreatic cancers whose response to standard immunotherapy is poor.Results of the experiments combining an immune system booster vaccine called PancVAX with two checkpoint drugs derived from anti-PD-1 and agonist OX40 antibodies were published in the journal JCI Insight in October 2018.The findings showed by using PancVAX with the checkpoint drugs, pancreatic tumors had a better response to therapy by converting T cell-poor tumors into tumors that are rich in specific T cells. T cells are critical cells of the immune system to recognize and kill cancer cells.Because T cell deficiencies are common in pancreatic and other kinds of cancers with fewer genetic mutations, researchers in recent years have increasingly experimented with immunotherapy drugs that — individually — draw only a weak response, but in combination appear to work better.Corresponding author Neeha Zaidi, M.D., an oncology fellow at the Kimmel Cancer Center, said one major challenge is to find ways to induce T cells to get into the tumor microenvironment, and her team’s latest experiments add to evidence that tumor vaccines in combination with checkpoint modulators may be an effective way to achieve this.”The vaccine tunes in the signal of the tumor for therapy, and the checkpoint drugs amplify the signal to teach the immune system to go after the tumor,” Zaidi said. “This framework is a personalized strategy to go after pancreatic and other nonimmunogenic cancers.”After the mice received the combination treatment and had their tumors cleared, reintroduction of tumor cells did not develop, indicating a memory of the T cells to target the cancer. Elizabeth Jaffee, M.D., senior author of the study and deputy director of the Kimmel Cancer Center, said the combination approach has promise for patients who are or become resistant to immunotherapy drugs after a recurrence of their tumors. But she cautioned that more animal studies and clinical trials for safety and value will be needed before the combination can be used in humans. The combination is not currently available to people, and potential costs are unknown.Related StoriesMore effective flu vaccine begins clinical trials across the U.S.Novel vaccine against bee sting allergy successfully testedNanotechnology-based compound used to deliver hepatitis B vaccine”We have already seen some promise with current vaccines being tested in patients with this cancer,” Jaffee said. “We now have the next generation of vaccines that are more specific to each patient’s own cancer, and we have reason to hope that a combination drug approach will offer more to patients.”Pancreatic cancer is a particularly challenging disease, because there are many barriers to generating a robust immune response within the tumor. Zaidi said there are plans for pilot clinical trials for pancreatic cancer patients with advanced cancers within the next year or so.According to the National Cancer Institute, deaths from pancreatic cancer accounted for more than 7 percent of all cancer deaths in 2018. It remains one of the most lethal malignancies because by the time it is diagnosed, it has generally spread beyond its original site.Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of deaths due to cancer in the United States, with a median survival of less than six months.Corresponding author Mark Yarchoan, M.D., assistant professor of oncology at the Kimmel Cancer Center, said, “This work is very exciting and supports further testing of this treatment combination in patients with pancreatic cancer, and perhaps other cancers as well that have so far not responded to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies.” Source:https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/newsroom/news-releases/vaccine-checkpoint-drugs-combination-shows-promise-for-pancreatic-cancers read more

Researchers find increased rates of CRC screening in Kentucky after Medicaid expansion

first_img Source:https://www.facs.org/media/press-releases/2019/medicaid022219 Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Feb 23 2019Kentucky is one of the poorest states in the U.S. However, the state has been one of the most successful in reducing its uninsured rate, which happened in part through the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid expansion that took effect on January 1, 2014. In the past, Kentucky has reported low rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and has ranked among the highest states for incidence and mortality for the disease. One research team evaluated the impact of Medicaid expansion on the rates of CRC screening, incidence, and survival among the state’s low-income population. The researchers found that the number of Medicaid patients who received screening after the expansion was more than triple the number of patients who were screened before the expansion. Additionally, CRC patients relying on Medicaid exhibited improved survival after the expansion compared to before it was implemented. The findings were published as an “article in press” on the website of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons ahead of print.The Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid expansion provided insurance coverage to those at 138 percent of the federal poverty level. In Kentucky, the expansion meant that an additional 634,807 low-income people gained access to Medicaid.2 Many people in this population have a low level of education and don’t have easy access to a physician, especially the more rural Appalachian population in eastern Kentucky, said the lead study author, Avinash Bhakta, MD, a colorectal surgeon at the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center, Lexington. Dr. Bhakta said he began treating more and more patients from Appalachian Kentucky, and he wanted to look further into how the Affordable Care Act could be related to the increase of patients he was treating.”For me, it was bit of a wake-up call living in our society and seeing the population that I treat in Kentucky, particularly in Appalachia,” Dr. Bhakta said. “Many of these patients paved their own roads to come see me in Lexington. We didn’t really see much study on the effect of the Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion, and with our population having the leading incidence and mortality rate of CRC in the country, we felt that it was an ideal population to study this potential impact.”To conduct the study, the researchers obtained data on Kentucky’s CRC screening, incidence, and outcomes from the Kentucky Hospital Discharge Database and the Kentucky Cancer Registry. The study population included 930,176 patients older than 20 years who underwent CRC screening from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016. A total of 408,500 patients were screened before Medicaid expansion (January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013) and 521,676 patients were screened after Medicaid expansion (January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016). The researchers obtained measures including demographics, insurance coverage based on information at the time of diagnosis, socioeconomics (percentage below poverty status and high school education at the county level), and clinical information (tumor grade, stage at diagnosis, and survival).Related StoriesHow cell-free DNA can be targeted to prevent spread of tumorsResearchers identify potential drug target for multiple cancer typesStudy: Nearly a quarter of low-risk thyroid cancer patients receive more treatment than necessaryOne of the most significant results from this study, Dr. Bhakta said, was that patients with Medicaid demonstrated the highest increase in CRC screening. A total of 69,328 Medicaid patients received screening after the expansion compared with 20,980 patients who were screened before the expansion–an increase of 230 percent. Additionally, 43.7 percent more Appalachian patients received screening after the expansion. When looking specifically at Medicaid patients, the researchers wrote, individuals in the 51-65 age group had the highest improvement in screening with an increase of 292.5 percent. Medicaid coverage of Appalachian patients increased by 199 percent.From January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016, 11,441 Kentucky patients were diagnosed with CRC. When separated by insurance, the proportion of Medicaid patients diagnosed with CRC increased by 132.4 percent after Medicaid expansion, the authors wrote. Dr. Bhakta said that increase was “a difficult number for me to swallow,” because with increased screening, there should be a drop in incidence. However, Dr. Bhakta noted that this research is still young. If the researchers follow the data for another five or 10 years, he anticipates seeing a drop in incidence.The researchers also reported that after expansion, Medicaid patients exhibited improved survival compared with patients prior to expansion. The survival differences after expansion were evident in Medicaid patients after the first year and increased each year thereafter. Appalachian patients with Medicaid coverage had significantly improved survival after expansion compared with before expansion, the researchers wrote.”We saw that month to month post expansion, there was an improvement in survival from the pre-expansion era in our Medicaid population,” Dr. Bhakta said. “We were able to follow many of these patients for up to eight years, and we are continuing to keep track of them and their recurrences and overall survival.”The most important takeaway from this study, Dr. Bhakta said, is that as more people get screened for CRC, more people will have improved survival.”We know that with increased screening, we’re able to get increased detection of earlier polyps,” he said. “The Medicaid expansion allowed us to get access to a lot of near-poor patients that would have otherwise not been able to get screened.”Now that the researchers have identified the problem, they will continue to gather data and find solutions for the state’s high mortality rate from CRC. “After these individuals are screened and diagnosed with colorectal cancer, are we not navigating them appropriately to surgery? After their operations, are the patients with advanced tumors not getting chemotherapy in a timely fashion?” Dr. Bhakta asked. “Finally, is this patient population that we treat at UK Markey Cancer Center resistant to traditional chemotherapeutic agents? These questions and barriers are important for us to investigate in order to continue our fight against colorectal cancer,” Dr. Bhakta said.last_img read more

Study provides evidence on how supervision and special guardianship orders are used

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 5 201920% of all children in England who return home after care proceedings and are placed on a supervision order are back in the family court within 5 years because of further significant harm, new research led by Lancaster University has found.The risk was far higher than for any other group of children investigated in this study, Children aged less than 5 years were at greater risk of returning to court for further care proceedings than older children.This study, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, is the first national study of all children placed on supervision orders between 2010/11 and 2016/17 – a total of 19,296 children.When a supervision order is made by the courts to help families stay together, the local authority ‘advises, assists and befriends’ the child and family but it has no parental responsibility. The order normally lasts for one year but it can be renewed annually for a maximum of 3 years.The study also found that nationally, supervision orders granted since 2014 were more likely to return to court than pre 2014 cases. The reasons for this are unclear but the report suggests that the changes could be associated with shorter timescales for decision-making in care proceedings following the introduction of the 2014 Children and Families legislation, greater vigilance by local authorities in bringing cases back to court or another impact of austerity.The study looked more closely at what happened to children in 4 local authorities who were placed on supervision orders in 2013/14 and 2014/15. 24% of the 194 children were neglected during the supervision order. Four years after the supervision order was made, 28% were no longer living with their parents and 40% had been neglected.Another concerning finding was the discovery that over the 4 years, 49% of the 194 children were exposed to financial hardship and 56% to housing problems- more than at the start of the study. They topped the list of all parental problems to which the children were exposed.  The study found a wide variation in rates of visits by social workers and frequency of case reviews. Although the children had been found by courts to have experienced significant harm, the majority were reviewed under ‘children in need’ rather than ‘child protection’ procedures. Children in need are considered to have less serious concerns than those reviewed under child protection processes, whose cases are subject to greater oversight. The Government does not collect national statistics on children on supervision orders.Most of the 89 family justice practitioners who were interviewed felt that supervision orders provided the local authority with limited leverage and wanted them to have ‘more teeth’, for example by managing them under a child protection framework.The report puts forward a range of practice, policy and legal options to strengthen the supervision order to do the job that the legislators had in mind– to promote safe and lasting family reunification.Professor Judith Harwin, who led the study, said: “Supervision orders are an important legal option and help many children, but they need to be strengthened with more support provided to the most vulnerable families. The recent national increase in cases returning to court more swiftly than before 2014, needs ongoing monitoring and explaining”.Related StoriesIsraeli scientists invent new tooth fillings to fight recurrent decayHow black pharmacists are closing the cultural gap in health careResearch reveals the parenting habits of our earliest extinct ancestorsThe study has also used Children and Families Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) national administrative data for the first time to examine outcomes of 21,504 children subject to special guardianship orders between 2010/11 and 2016/17. These orders provide a permanent home to children up to the age of 18, mainly with relatives. It is now the main route out of the care system for children who have experienced significant harm due to unsafe parenting and are returned to their family network.The study found special guardianship gives these children a new start in life while keeping links with their birth families and family network. There were very low rates of breakdown or return to court.Nationally between 2010/11 and 2016/17 just 5% of all children on special guardianship orders had further care proceedings within 5 years.In the case file study of 107 children on SGOs in the same 4 local authorities 31% of the children had never lived with their special guardians before the order was made. The permanent placement had never been tested and yet the children fared well and benefited from the placement.The study also found that special guardians experienced a rough ride from the courts and local authorities.Special guardians found their experiences of courts and local authority assessments left them feeling ‘isolated, bruised and embattled’ unless they had access to legal advice. Often they did not understand the implications of special guardianship.Many were actually not party to the proceedings or were unsure of their legal status. They felt they had no voice and wanted more support after the order had been made. They struggled with financial and housing problems.The report identifies the need for better access to justice and a more transparent court process.Professor Harwin added: “It also calls for a major overhaul of the process of assessing special guardians and significantly more support and investment in this kind of family placement. Special attention needs to be paid to improving the court experience of special guardians whilst ensuring a robust child centred assessment process that addresses their long term needs for permanency”.Director of Justice at the Nuffield Foundation Rob Street said: “This important study provides much-needed national evidence on how supervision and special guardianship orders are being used, including cases in which they are used together. Drawing on this evidence, the report outlines practical proposals for how these orders could be reformed to provide increased protection and support for children and families.”  https://www.lancaster.ac.uk/news/new-study-calls-for-supervision-orders-to-have-more-teethlast_img read more

Antivaxxer Italian leader down with chickenpox

first_imgBy Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDMar 21 2019In a twist of fate, an Italian politician who was lobbying against mandatory vaccination laws, has come down with chickenpox and is now hospitalized.There has been several outbreaks of vaccine-preventable measles because of inadequate vaccine coverage of the population. Prime reason behind this is the anti-vaccination groups that propagate vaccination conspiracy theories.The Lorenzin decree was recently introduced in the country requireming ewborn babies born between 2001 to 2017 to be vaccinated for entry into school. Parents, under this law are warned that their unvaccinated children would be barred from attending nursery or preschool. Older children’s parents would have to cough up fines ranging from 100 euros ($A160) and 500 euros ($A800) if they fail to vavvinate their children.Related StoriesNovel vaccine against bee sting allergy successfully testedComputer-generated flu vaccine enters clinical trials in the USNew shingles vaccine reduces outbreaks of painful rash among stem cell transplant patientsMassimiliano Fedriga, a member of Italy’s far-right League party had opposed this decree and now for the last four days he has been hospitalized with a vaccine preventable viral illness – chickenpox. He had recently opposed compulsory vaccinations against 12 diseases including the one he contracted.Mr Fedriga is the president of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and has said in a statement that his children are vaccinated. He said he was opposed to the idea of vaccination being made mandatory. “I’m fine, I’m at home in convalescence, and I thank everyone,” he said. After the social media noise on his being an anti-vaxxer and now ill with the very same disease, he has said, “I have always said that I am in favour of vaccines and to achieve the result is necessary to form an alliance with families, not impose (it on them). (The critics) even said I would get chickenpox from my children, not realising that my children are vaccinated (as I have stated in many interviews).”Experts have opined that it was good thing that the leader’s children were vaccinated. They have said that these viral illnesses can become severe and even fatal when it affects adults. Pregnant women who get chicken pox for example may face a miscarriage or severe harm to their unborn baby. Similarly a person with a compromised immunity may also face severe consequences of these vaccine-preventable viral infections. It is important that large part of the population gets vaccinated, say experts.The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that 95 percent of the population needs to be vaccinated against these infections to protect them from outbreaks. Italy has not met its 95 per cent recommended vaccination rate. As a result there have been 165 cases of measles this January.last_img read more

Allpurpose talent in aircraft manufacturing

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Provided by Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft New robotic arm that could service satellites or pick apples developed When automated machines are used in aircraft manufacturing today, they tend to be heavy, customized portal systems that slide slowly over the components on rails. However, as well as being expensive and inflexible, these systems stand idle for long periods, meaning their productivity levels are low.”Our new robot is able to travel to the components autonomously and carry out all the requisite tasks there. Measuring, bonding, drilling, milling – it can do it all. The robot is an all-purpose machine and can be adapted quickly and flexibly to shape inaccuracies of large components as well as product and model modifications,” says Dr. Dirk Niermann, Head of the Automation and Production Technology department at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM in Stade. Whereas earlier robots have failed when it came to the high precision requirements in the aviation sector, the new robot has no such difficulties: the deviations in its machining results are less than half a millimeter.Accuracy gains thanks to output-side measurement systems”Above all, by integrating specially developed output-side measurement systems (so-called secondary encoders), we managed to substantially minimize error,” explains Christian Böhlmann, Group Manager for Integrated Production Systems. While the measurement technology is attached to the engine in conventional industrial robots, it is fitted directly to the axles of the new robot. “This way, we always know the exact position of the axles.” Other technologies also helped increase processing accuracy, including the control-side compensation of frictional adherence effects from the gears, and a refined calibration of the robot, by means of which one-off measurements are carried out to determine the true robot geometry, which is then factored into calculations of motion.Because aviation components are often up to 20 meters in length, mobility was important when designing the new robot. “We developed a rigid platform with three drive wheels for the robot,” says Böhlmann. “This means it can move freely around the factory floor and go wherever it is needed at a given time. As soon as it reaches its destination, it draws in its wheels and stands in a stable position.”In this way, the robot and other modular robotic production systems from Fraunhofer IFAM facilitate fluid, versatile manufacturing; they no longer pass through rigidly determined stations, but adapt quickly, flexibly and cost effectively to different requirements. Explore further The mobile robot is processing the tail-fin of an Airbus 320 aircraft. Credit: Fraunhofer IFAM Citation: All-purpose talent in aircraft manufacturing (2018, April 3) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-all-purpose-talent-aircraft.html In aircraft manufacturing, much of the milling, drilling and assembly is still done by hand. This is because the raw components vary not only in size and design, but also in shape accuracy. Small differences are unavoidable in extremely lightweight and elastic materials, which poses a challenge for automated processing. Working with an industrial consortium, Fraunhofer researchers have now developed a mobile robot that is able to handle these high requirements – the only robot in the world with this capability. read more

VW faces first big German court date over dieselgate

first_img Graphic on the Volkswagen emissions cheating scandal. Backed by government tax incentives, German and other European carmakers bet big on diesel in the 1990s and 2000s as a lower-carbon alternative to petrol engines.But the “dieselgate” scandal has revealed the flipside of the technology, nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions that can be harmful to health.Investigations into Volkswagen and other manufacturers are dragging on.Another investor probe starting Wednesday, against Porsche SE, the holding company with a controlling stake in VW, could be stalled or superseded by the Brunswick case.Rupert Stadler, CEO of VW subsidiary Audi, is in custody on suspicion of fraud and issuing false certificates, and VW-owned Porsche, Mercedes-Benz manufacturer Daimler and components supplier Bosch are in prosecutors’ sights.Driving bansMeanwhile, the fallout for German society has been far wider-ranging.The EU has toughened emissions testing with a new procedure known as WLTP, which comes into force this month.Car companies are hoping a flood of new battery-powered vehicles will help meet tighter fleet-wide CO2 targets that bite from 2021, rather than ever-more efficient diesels.And courts are increasingly pressuring German cities to clean up their air, with a diesel ban on two major roads in Hamburg and city-wide exclusion zones for older vehicles coming in Stuttgart and Frankfurt.Consumers have reacted to the prospect of more bans by shunning diesel, sending its share of the new car market plunging from 46.5 percent in August 2015 to 32.6 percent last month.Potentially even more terrifying for carmakers is a law allowing collective class action-style lawsuits that Berlin aims to pass before the statue of limitations runs out for VW.”Some two million owners could benefit,” Justice Minister Katarina Barley said in May.VW ‘dieselgate’ fraud: Timeline of a scandal As Volkswagen faces the wrath of investors in the first mass “dieselgate” lawsuit on its home turf, here’s a look at how the emissions cheating was uncovered and the fallout for the auto giant:2014US researchers at the University of West Virginia discover that certain VW diesel cars emit up to 40 times the permissible levels of harmful nitrogen oxide when tested on the road.2015September 18: The US Environmental Protection Agency accuses VW of duping diesel emissions tests using so-called “defeat devices”.September 22: Volkswagen admits installing software designed to reduce emissions during lab tests in 11 million diesel engines worldwide. VW shares plunge by 40 percent in two days.September 23: Chief executive Martin Winterkorn steps down but insists he knew nothing of the scam. 2016April 22: VW announces a net loss for 2015, its first in 20 years, after setting aside billions to cover the anticipated costs of the scandal.June 28: VW agrees to pay $14.7 billion in buybacks, compensation and penalties in a mammoth settlement with US authorities. The deal, which covers 2.0 litre diesel engines only, includes cash payouts for nearly 500,000 US drivers.September 21: The first VW investors file lawsuits in a German court seeking billions in damages. They accuse the automaker of failing to communicate about the crisis in a timely way.December 8: The European Commission launches legal action against seven EU nations including Germany for failing to crack down on emissions cheating.2017January 11: VW pleads guilty to three US charges including fraud and agrees to pay $4.3 billion in civil and criminal fines.As part of the plea deal, VW signs up to a “statement of facts” in which it admits that the cheating dates back to 2006, but it remains unclear how much the top brass knew about the scam.January 27: German prosecutors say they are investigating Winterkorn on suspicion of fraud, accusing him of knowing about the defeat devices earlier than admitted. He is already under investigation for suspected market manipulation over the scandal.February 1: Car parts maker Bosch, which supplied elements of the software, agrees to pay nearly $330 million to US car owners and dealers but admits no wrongdoing.VW says it will pay at least $1.2 billion to compensate some 80,000 US buyers of 3.0 litre engines as well as buying back or refitting their vehicles.August 25: A Michigan court sentences VW engineer James Liang to 40 months in prison and a $200,000 fine, after he pleads guilty to conspiracy to defraud the US and to violating the US Clean Air Act. He had asked for a more lenient sentence after cooperating with investigators.December 6: VW executive Oliver Schmidt, who was arrested while on holiday in Florida, is sentenced to seven years in jail after pleading guilty to fraud and violating the US Clean Air Act.2018February 23: VW roars back to profit after record sales in 2017.February 27: A German court paves the way for cities to ban the oldest diesels from their roads to combat air pollution.April 12: VW brand chief Herbert Diess hastily replaces CEO Matthias Mueller after he too lands in prosecutors’ sights.April 20: A top manager at Porsche, a VW subsidiary, is arrested in Germany as part of “dieselgate” inquiries.May 3: Winterkorn is indicted in the US, accused of trying to cover up the cheating.June 13: VW agrees to pay a one-billion-euro fine in Germany, admitting its responsibility for the diesel crisis. The scandal has now cost the group over 27 billion euros.June 18: Rupert Stadler, CEO of VW’s Audi subsidiary, is arrested in Germany, accused of fraud and trying to suppress evidence.Six things to know about Volkswagen’s latest court caseThe first major court case against Volkswagen over its cheating of emissions tests on 11 million diesel vehicles worldwide begins Monday. Here are six things to know about the trial.What is the case about ?The case in Brunswick, near VW’s Wolfsburg headquarters in northern Germany, focuses on the plunge in the mammoth group’s share price in September 2015.After American authorities revealed its mass diesel cheating, the stock shed some 40 percent in two days. Now investors are demanding compensation for their losses, saying Volkswagen should have warned them sooner about the risks. Why should we care?This is the first major trial related to “dieselgate” in Germany, where previously only a few individual customers have brought the carmaker to court and the results have not been made public. In the US, VW settled claims with customers for some $14.7 billion, and two former managers were jailed.While Monday’s case deals with the technical aspects of how and when the group communicated with financial markets, the court will have to lay out a timeline of the scandal and determine when executives knew about the cheating.Such details are vital to ongoing criminal investigations in Germany.What must the court decide?Brunswick judges will rule on more than 200 questions submitted by the two sides in the case.Among the most vital are whether VW should have let investors know about its cheating software, whether it deliberately covered up the information, and which board members knew what—and when.The answers will then be carried over to more than 3,000 pending court cases from investors against VW and Porsche SE, the holding company that owns a controlling stake, to determine whether compensation should be paid out.What are the risks for VW ?In total, the shareholders represented in those over 3,000 cases are demanding 9 billion euros ($10.5 billion) in compensation.But if judges rule against VW, it will be up to the courts to decide in each case how much is owed.So far, the group has paid out more than 27 billion euros in fines, legal costs and buy-backs over dieselgate in Europe and the US.What do the investors say?Lawyers for investment fund Deka, whose case is a “model” for the others with similar characteristics, argue VW should have informed investors at several points between 2008—the time of the cheat software’s first deployment—and September 22 2015, when it first admitted to the fraud.They argue that managers knew about the so-called “defeat device” and that that information would likely have an impact on the group’s share price.What’s Volkswagen’s defence?The world’s biggest carmaker says that information available at the time did not make communicating with shareholders legally necessary.They argue that the cheating was a scheme by a small group of engineers acting without their superiors’ knowledge or authorisation.Once alerted by the US authorities, executives did not realise how serious the scandal would become, they add, believing it could be resolved amicably. Explore further The movements of Volkswagen’s share price since it was accused of cheating on car pollution tests Citation: VW faces first big German court date over ‘dieselgate’ (2018, September 10) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-09-vw-big-german-court-date.html A German court will examine whether Volkswagen should have informed investors sooner about so-called “defeat devices” it built into 11 million cars worldwide to fool regulatory emissions tests Volkswagen faces German court showdown over ‘dieselgate’ VW said in 2016 that Winterkorn—who stepped down after the scandal became public—was sent a “memo” highlighting emissions irregularities in the manipulated EA189 engine, without confirming whether he ever read it. From 10 am (0800 GMT) the regional court in Brunswick will examine whether the auto giant should have informed investors sooner about so-called “defeat devices” it built into 11 million cars worldwide to fool regulatory emissions tests.On the first day, “we are hoping for first indications from the judges about their view of the facts and the legal position,” said Andreas Tilp, a lawyer representing investment fund Deka.The shareholder’s “model case” against VW is supposed to clear up more than 200 questions common to some 3,650 claims totalling around 9.0 billion euros ($10.5 billion), with judges expected Monday to highlight timelines and priority issues in the massive case.At issue is a 40-percent plunge in Volkswagen stock over two days in September 2015, which wiped billions off its market value.After markets closed on Friday, September 18 that year, US authorities accused the group of using the defeat devices—engine software designed to cut harmful emissions during regulatory tests, only to allow them to rise again during on-road driving.Investors say they could have avoided painful losses had executives—who are legally obliged to share promptly any information that could affect the share price—informed them sooner of the cheating.Ahead of Monday’s hearing, Volkswagen lawyer Markus Pfueller said the group was “confident” that it had “complied with its disclosure obligations toward shareholders and the capital markets”.So far, dieselgate has cost VW more than 27 billion euros in fines, vehicle buybacks and recalls and legal costs, mostly in the US.’Every nut and bolt’Judges are expected to take at least until next year to rule.Deka lawyers argue that board members knew about the fraud and should have revealed it between the offending software’s first deployment in 2008 and September 2015.For its part, VW blames a handful of engineers acting without authorisation for the scheme, and says the information it had before the American authorities intervened was not significant enough to warrant warning capital markets.At the centre of attention in the court case will be Martin Winterkorn, the trained engineer who claimed to know “every nut and bolt” of Volkswagen’s entire range of models and ran the company as chief executive from 2007 to 2015. © 2018 AFP The first major German court case against Volkswagen over the “dieselgate” scandal that has shaken up the car industry gets under way Monday, as investors pursue the world’s largest automaker for billions in compensation. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

UD invention aims to improve battery performance

first_img Citation: UD invention aims to improve battery performance (2018, November 22) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-ud-aims-battery.html Provided by University of Delaware UD Professor Thomas H. Epps, III (right) and doctoral student Priyanka Ketkar use the SAXS microscope to examine tiny sensors. Credit: University of Delaware Imagine a world where cell phones and laptops can be charged in a matter of minutes instead of hours, rolled up and stored in your pocket, or dropped without sustaining any damage. It is possible, according to University of Delaware Professor Thomas H. Epps, III, but the materials are not there yet. In laboratory experiments, Ketkar and others in the Epps group have shown that introducing a tapered region between polymer electrolyte chains actually increased the overall ionic conductivity over a range of temperatures. At room temperature, for example, the tapered materials are twice as conductive as their non-tapered counterparts. But that is not all. The taper improves the material’s ability to be processed, too.”Previous methods for increasing conductivity have either made the polymer harder to process or used greater amounts of chemical solvent, which makes the material more flammable and less environmentally friendly,” Ketkar said. “That is why I am really excited about this new approach.”The designer polymers are useful for lithium-ion batteries, but also applicable to other rechargeable systems, such as sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries, Epps said. Other applications include using tapered polymers to make materials that can be produced at lower temperatures or with less solvent for applications such as tires, rubber bands and adhesives.Future applications include flexible batteriesAs technology rockets forward, Epps expects the next five to 10 years will usher in a plethora of devices that can flex and roll, such as cell phones and computers.”The only way this works is if all of the components are flexible, including the battery and power units, not just the case, screen or buttons,” Epps said. “This aspect is where block polymers become really ideal because—like a rubber band that remembers its shape despite stretching, bending and other manipulation—with polymers, you can make the internal components more impact resistant and shock absorbing, which will improve the phone’s lifespan.”There may be other applications for designer polymers, too.”What if there was a sensor inside the football that was designed to alert officials when a player crosses a specific yardage, say for a first down,” Epps said. “You would not need to rely on an official’s on-field view of the play or instant replay.”But, footballs get thrown around and the players who hold them are often hit.”You would need something that will not break or leak, so using a polymer that has the material properties of say, a rubber band, that also can conduct ions like a battery would be a perfect solution,” Epps said. “This avenue is one direction in which you could imagine these materials blossoming.”Epps was recently appointed a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, based in the United Kingdom. To receive this honor, scientists must have made an impact in the chemical sciences. Team highlights work on tuning block polymers for nanostructured systems Small science, big impactIt all starts with polymers, which are materials made of small molecules strung together like beads on a necklace to create a long chain. By chemically connecting two or more polymer chains with different properties, engineers can create block polymers that capitalize on the salient features from both materials. For example, polystyrene in a Styrofoam cup is relatively hard and brittle, while polyisoprene (tapped from a rubber tree) is viscous and molasses-like. When those two polymers are linked chemically, engineers can create materials for everyday items like car tires and rubber bands—materials that hold their shape but are impact resistant and stretchable.center_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Epps was introduced to block polymers as an undergraduate student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology while working in the lab of Professor Paula Hammond, and again when he worked at the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company under Adel Halasa as part of a GEM Fellowship. Goodyear was exploring the use of taper-like multi-component polymers to create tires with more elasticity, tires that would grip the road better without sacrificing performance or durability.Years later, in work at UD, Epps’ group took the idea a step further and realized they could tune the nanoscale (1/1,000th the width of a human hair) structure of these polymers to imbue materials with certain mechanical, thermal and conductivity properties.One of the benefits of block polymers is that they allow scientists to combine two or more components that often are chemically incompatible, meaning they do not mix (think of oil and water). This same benefit, however, can present challenges with how the materials can be processed. The Epps group determined that tapering the region where the two distinct polymer chains connect can promote mixing between highly incompatible materials in a way that makes processing and fabrication faster and cheaper by requiring either less energy or less solvent in the manufacturing process.Manipulating the taper also allowed the researchers to control the nanoscale structures that can be formed by the block polymers. By incorporating the tapers, Epps’ team can create nanoscale networks that make the battery materials more conductive—introducing nanoscale highways and eliminating traffic bottlenecks, allowing ions to move at higher speeds and making the polymer more efficient in battery applications.”Technically, we want to conduct ions faster … this approach in polymers would allow us to get more power out of the batteries. It would enable the batteries to charge faster, in a manner that is also safer. We are not there yet, but that is the goal,” said Epps, who patented the concept through UD’s Office of Economic Innovation and Partnerships.He calls this work a “designer approach” to polymer science.Priyanka Ketkar, a doctoral student in chemical and biomolecular engineering, wants to make a difference in the world through research. Ketkar described the Epps research group as a good fit, where she is exercising her mental muscle on consequential problems related to energy storage. At UD, Prof. Thomas H. Epps, III and his team have patented an idea to improve lithium battery performance. Credit: University of Delaware So, what is holding back the technology?For starters, it would take more conductive, flexible and lighter-weight batteries, said Epps, who is the Thomas and Kipp Gutshall Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UD.The batteries would need to be more impact-resistant and safer, too. In May, an e-cigarette exploded in Florida and killed a man. Evidence reportedly suggests that this unfortunate accident may be due to battery-related issues, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Similar problems have plagued devices like the Samsung Galaxy Note 7 and auxiliary power units of the Boeing Dreamliner.”All of these challenges came from batteries that have safety and stability issues when the goal is to push performance,” said Epps, an expert in designing and fabricating conducting membranes useful in energy generation and storage devices.One way to overcome this challenge in the lithium-ion batteries for the above devices is to improve the battery membranes—and the associated electrolytes—that are designed to shuttle the lithium ions, which offset the electrical charge associated with charging and discharging the battery.At UD, Epps’ team has patented an idea to improve battery performance by introducing tapers into the polymer membrane electrolytes that allow the lithium ions inside the battery to travel back and forth faster.It is a big idea that begins with tiny parts.last_img read more

Researchers shine new light on diseasespreading mosquitoes

first_imgIn Thomas’s lab at NJIT, mosquitoes are placed in a tube enclosure where they transit through a laser beam and reflect distinct signatures of backscattered light. Credit: NJIT This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Bite-by-bite, coast-to-coast, mosquito populations would transmit the virus—originally discovered in the West Nile province of Uganda more than 75 years ago—to human populations in 44 U.S. states in just three years.With more than 2,500 different species of mosquitoes known on Earth today, many challenges remain for entomologists and disease control experts aiming to monitor evolving mosquito populations and infectious mosquito-borne disease—which affects nearly 700 million people worldwide and results in more than 1 million human deaths each year.Physicists are now exploring laser-based technology traditionally used for studying conditions in the atmosphere—such as Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR)—to shine a light on the subtlest of features of mosquito activity and better track populations that may carry a viral threat.An investigation led by Benjamin Thomas, assistant professor of physics at NJIT, has adopted the use of LIDAR, an infrared optical remote-sensing technology capable of capturing the rate that mosquitoes beat their wings in flight, known as wing beat frequency (WBF).By understanding variations of WBF in mosquitoes, Thomas’s lab is learning two key characteristics that can help distinguish which mosquitoes may be vectors for infectious disease, from those that are not: species and gender. More information: Benjamin P. Thomas et al, Analysis of predictor variables for mosquito species identification from dual-wavelength polarization-sensitive lidar measurements, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring XVI (2018). DOI: 10.1117/12.2323432 “Mosquitoes remain the deadliest animal on Earth by far,” said Thomas. “Unfortunately, our current methods for tracking and gathering data about them typically cost a great deal in terms of time and resources, so we have lacked a lot of entomological data about many species and their female populations, which are typically transmitters of diseases.”Current strategies—like pheromone-based physical traps—have been used to accurately study mosquito populations on a small scale. However, Thomas says his team’s work could help fill the gap of entomological data at the large scale, giving researchers a better way of surveying the broader evolution of insect populations and their ecosystems, as well as track the spread of mosquito-borne disease.””In cases like the Zika outbreak, we were mostly following its spread by following reports of illness, always leaving us one step behind the mosquitoes transmitting the virus,” said Thomas. “We have been developing a new optical instrument capable of scanning the environment and measuring hundreds of insects per hour in real time. This could give us a better method of gathering large-scale entomological data while helping us track specific species that we know are dangerous in response to an outbreak.” When the West Nile virus (WNV) was initially isolated in two patients at a Queens, N.Y., hospital in the summer of 1999, it would have been hard to anticipate how quickly one common species of house mosquito, Culex pipiens, would help begin to spread the virus throughout the western hemisphere. Recording the Beat of MosquitoesAlthough both male and female mosquitoes feature mouth-like anatomy, only female mosquitoes possess mandibles capable of piercing the skin of mammals to suck blood—an adaptation that serves to provide the necessary nutrients for reproduction. Because female mosquitoes exclusively extract blood from humans in this way, identifying them among larger populations is one important step toward tracking potential transmitters of disease.Thomas’s laser-based approach can accurately identify female mosquito WBFs, which typically average around 500 wing beats per second, from the WBFs of their male counterparts, which are normally 600 wing beats per second on average. Provided by New Jersey Institute of Technologycenter_img Citation: Researchers shine new light on disease-spreading mosquitoes (2018, December 13) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-disease-spreading-mosquitoes.html California Aedes mosquitoes capable of spreading Zika NJIT’s Benjamin Thomas showcases his lab’s laser-based instrument capable of collecting data about hundreds of insects per hour in real time. Credit: NJIT “In our lab, the mosquitoes are placed in a tube enclosure and will transit through our instrument’s laser path, and based on their wing movement, they’ll produce a specific signature of light that reflects back toward the instrument,” explained Thomas. “That backscattering of light holds the information that we need to identify whatever crosses the beam … whether it is a bee, a housefly, a male mosquito or female mosquito. Alongside our laser, we have a telescope that collects all this light and we can analyze that data in real time.”In controlled experiments in the lab, Thomas’s team tested its system’s ability to accurately distinguish between male and female mosquitoes of four different species that have previously been identified as vectors of disease: Aedes albopictus, Aedes Vexans, Aedes aegypti and another species of the Culex genus.In the tests, the instrument proved able to identify mosquito gender with 96.5 percent accuracy. However, a trickier prospect for Thomas’s lab has been identifying insect species; currently, the lab can identify mosquito species with 75 percent accuracy. In a recent study, published in Conference Proceedings of SPIE, Thomas’s team began exploring new optical parameters for better characterizing insect shape and color, which could improve overall species identification.”Our laser system now incorporates two different infrared wavelengths within the same optical path, so depending on if a species is brown, black or striped, it will affect the strength of the signal coming back from one of the two channels differently,” said Thomas. “We have also begun measuring how the light is polarized to better understand surface and shape of insects. For instance, just by measuring the polarization of light coming back to us, we can now tell whether the mosquitoes are carrying eggs or not.”Thomas’s lab is now in the process of optimizing its approach for field use—working not only to further improve accuracy of species identification, but also to improve the range of its system’s telescope. The team is expanding its telescope’s range for collecting light from its current 100-meter range to a few hundred meters in order to collect data from outdoor environments where larger mosquito populations dwell. With safety tests and refinements to the design ongoing, Thomas says field tests could begin as soon as 2019.”Once our instrument is deployed in the field, we could ideally collect data through an internet connection over the course of a few days,” said Thomas. “This could provide us with a huge amount of information about mosquitoes and other insects in the environment. In the long term, future studies could even tell us about how a given population’s spatial distribution is evolving as a result of climate change.” Explore further A research team led by NJIT professor Benjamin Thomas explores a laser-based method for tracking mosquitoes that carry infectious diseases, from Zika to West Nile. Credit: NJITlast_img read more

A threecamera iPhone It may be one of three new models for

first_imgReady for more iPhones? Apple’s sales struggles could translate into new iPhone deals from wireless carriers (c)2019 USA TodayDistributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. While the company’s usual fall event may be several months away, early details on what to expect from Apple’s 2019 iPhone update have begun to emerge, according to a new report. This year’s early headliner: more cameras.According to The Wall Street Journal, Apple will once again introduce three new phones this fall, with three rear cameras for its highest-end model. The other two models, including a possible iPhone XR successor with an LCD display, will have two cameras on the back.In 2018, the pricier iPhone XS and XS Max each had two rear cameras to enable better zooming and a more robust “portrait” mode. The iPhone XR, which starts at $749 ($250 less than the $999 iPhone XS), had only one rear camera as well as a cheaper LCD display instead of using the XS line’s higher-quality OLED technology.According to the Journal, Apple is considering making a full switch to OLED for its 2020 iPhone line.It is unclear how Apple would use the third camera in the next iPhone, though it would be far from the first to add additional cameras to the rear of a phone.LG’s V40 ThinQ launched in the U.S. last year with five total cameras, two for the front and three on the back. The three rear lenses on that phone allowed for close-up, zoomed in shots, panoramic wide-angle images as well as improved low-light capabilities through its more traditional “standard” zoom shooter.You could choose between each setting or capture a shot from all angles at once in a “triple shot” mode.Samsung has similarly experimented with adding more cameras to its devices, packing four rear sensors into its A9 phone in 2018.One thing not expected on Apple’s 2019 iPhone line: 5G. The company has been rumored to be waiting until 2020 to add support for the next generation wireless networks currently being built and turned on by AT&T, Verizon, Sprint and T-Mobile.The news of new iPhones in the works comes one day after Samsung announced it will be revealing its next Galaxy phones, including a potential foldable model as well as one with 5G, on February 20.With its competition already moving to 5G, it remains to be seen if Apple’s new iPhones will be able to turn sales around for the company. Earlier this month, CEO Tim Cook said Apple is lowering its fiscal first-quarter guidance amid slowing growth in China and lower demand for iPhone upgrades.The combined issues have led to Apple having “fewer iPhone upgrades than we had anticipated,” Cook wrote in a letter to investors. Sales of the iPhone made up roughly 59 percent of its nearly $63 billion in revenue during the company’s fourth quarter last year. Explore further Citation: A three-camera iPhone? It may be one of three new models for 2019, report says (2019, January 16) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-01-three-camera-iphone.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Teslas Chinese rival NIO scraps factory plan after losses

first_imgLaunched in 2014, NIO went public on the New York Stock Exchange in September 2018 after filing for a $1.8 billion initial public offering © 2019 AFP Tesla meets Model 3 target, bemoans China tariffs Chinese electric vehicle start-up NIO has abandoned plans to build a manufacturing plant in Shanghai after net losses doubled to $1.4 billion last year. US-listed NIO has been working with state-owned automaker JAC Motors in eastern Anhui province to make its ES8 model but wanted to add its own factory in Shanghai.The company, which is backed by Chinese tech giants Baidu, Tencent and JD.com, said in a statement Tuesday that it was dropping the plans after posting losses of 9.6 billion yuan in 2018 while generating revenue of 5.0 billion yuan.Launched in 2014, NIO went public on the New York Stock Exchange in September 2018 after filing for a $1.8 billion initial public offering.NIO produced 8,000 ES8 models in the fourth quarter last year, double from the previous three-month period, with quarterly revenue rising by 133.8 percent.But the company said it experienced a “greater than anticipated slowdown” in sales in the first two months of this year to around 2,600 units.The drop was attributed to a reduction in a subsidy for the purchase of electric vehicles, the seasonal slowdown around the Lunar New Year holidays and a sluggish Chinese economy, notably in the auto sector.NIO signed framework agreements with the Shanghai government in 2017 to build the factory, hoping to complete it by the end of 2020.The end of the factory plans comes as competition in the electric car sector is heating up, with China’s government having announced plans to ban fossil fuel vehicles by a yet-to-be-decided date.Tesla chief Elon Musk was in China in January for the groundbreaking of a factory in Shanghai.The new plant will eventually have an annual production capacity of 500,000 vehicles, the California-based company has said, dramatically increasing its output.But Tesla faced problems of its own as misprinted labels on certain Model 3 vehicles caused a hiccup at Chinese customs.The company said it had “already reached a resolution” with Chinese customs to resume clearance procedures for the vehicles and that sales in China were not impacted.center_img Explore further Citation: Tesla’s Chinese rival NIO scraps factory plan after losses (2019, March 6) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-tesla-chinese-rival-nio-scraps.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

A Pair of Shipwrecked WWIIEra Submarines Just Vanished from the Sea Near

first_img Shipwrecks Gallery: Secrets of the Deep In Photos: Diving for a Famed Roman Shipwreck Disasters at Sea: 6 Deadliest Shipwrecks Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoBeverly Hills MDPlastic Surgeon Reveals: “You Can Fill In Wrinkles At Home” (Here’s How)Beverly Hills MDUndoInfinityKloud1 Click Backup Solution For The Tech-Unsavvy.InfinityKloudUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndo More than 100 World War II-era shipwrecks decorate the seafloor around Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore — and now, there are two fewer. According to Dutch media reports, a pair of submarines that sank off the coast of Malaysia in 1941 mysteriously vanished late last week, leaving behind only some broken scraps and ghostly outlines in the sand. The wrecked subs — Dutch vessels named HNLMS O 16 and HNLMS K XVII — also contained the remains of 79 crewmen, which are now missing. [17 Mysterious Shipwrecks You Can See on Google Earth] How does a shipwreck simply disappear? According to Dutch government officials, the subs were likely stolen by scrap-metal scavengers, who have made a habit of pilfering old wrecks from the region. As many as 40 World War II-era ships have been partially or completely dismantled by scavengers, a 2017 report by the Guardian found, resulting in the desecration of the remains of some 4,500 crewmen who went down with their ships.Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65894-dutch-wwii-era-submarines-vanished.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Salvaging a shipwreck usually requires blowing the vessel apart with explosives, then spending days or weeks hauling any valuable metals up onto the surface with a crane. For their trouble, scavengers can come away with millions of dollars’ worth of steel per ransacked ship, plus other spoils, such as copper cables and phosphor bronze propellers, according to the Guardian article. Wartime shipwrecks are protected under international treaties as the unmarked graves of departed soldiers — however, that has not stopped salvagers from destroying the wrecks of the American, British, Dutch, English, Australian and Japanese vessels resting in South East Asian waters. In March 2018, Malaysian officials signed an agreement with the Dutch foreign minister to better protect Dutch war wrecks in Malaysia’s waters. (Parts of Malaysia were once under Dutch colonial rule.) The agreement followed a string of particularly serious shipwreck desecrations; in 2016, the wrecks of three Dutch warships vanished from the bottom of the Java Sea off the coast of Indonesia, along with the remains of 2,200 people, the Guardian reported.last_img read more

Union Ministers lay foundation of satellite campus of AIIMS

first_img COMMENT COMMENTS Union Ministers J P Nadda and Dharmendra Pradhan today laid the foundation for establishment of a satellite campus of AIIMS, Bhubaneswar at Samalpur near Balasore town. “A 300 bedded multi-speciality hospital will be established over 24.91 acres of land, as a satellite centre for AIIMS multi-speciality,” Nadda, the Union Health Minister said at a meeting after laying the foundation stone. He said the construction of OPD Building and two blocks of Staff Quarters (Phase-I) is expected to be completed within 15 months with the project cost of Rs 35.76 crore. The satellite centre for AIIMS Bhubaneswar is intended to widen and improve patient care services by creating state-of-the-art infrastructure, bringing specialised healthcare services within reach of people in the region, reducing the average distances served by an institution, catering to the region specific diseases and reducing disease burden in region and adjoining areas, the Union Health Minister said. Stating that the satellite campus would also reduce the burden on AIIMS, Bhubaneswar considerably, Nadda said. The AIIMS, Bhubaneswar has now been conducting a weekly OPD services at Balasore for more than one year in collaboration with Integrated Test Range (ITR), DRDO. This satellite centre for which the foundation stone was laid would be functional within a short period of time as the construction work has already been awarded to CPWD. “I am sure that the AIIMS Satellite Centre at Balasore will be able to bridge that gap. This will help the patients of this region to save expenditures incurred towards travel cost of 400 Kilometres (to and fro) for coming to AIIMS, Bhubaneswar besides saving valuable time,” he said. hospital and clinic SHAREcenter_img Published on August 25, 2018 SHARE SHARE EMAILlast_img read more

NHRC turns 25 PM to attend silver jubilee function

first_imgSHARE The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), which has served as a “watchdog of democracy” and been part of some landmark cases in which its intervention had significant impact, completed 25 years on Friday. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is scheduled to attend the Silver Jubilee Foundation day function being hosted by the NHRC at the Vigyan Bhawan Friday evening.The commission was established on October 12, 1993 under the Protection of the Human Rights (PHR) Act, 1993, and it has lined up a host of activities till Sunday to mark the occasion. “The prime minister will grace the occasion in the presence of Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Communications Manoj Sinha. “A commemorative first day postal cover and stamp will be released, besides the launching of a new version of the commission’s website,” a senior NHRC official said. The rights panel has five members, including the chairperson, who deliberate upon the cases put before them, currently post of two of the members are vacant, he said.The NHRC, in the run up to the jubilee, has already hosted a number of programmes, including an international conclave on human rights, panel discussion on role of media in context of human rights, painting competition and slogan and logo making contest.The panel had recently unveiled its special silver jubilee logo and also commissioned a documentary, titled ‘NHRC: 25 years, Billion Hopes’ capturing the 25 years of its journey, from its humble beginning in Sardar Patel Bhawan.“The film captures the journey of the NHRC from its humble beginning in 1993 to its present stature, references some of the landmark cases in which NHRC’s intervention had made significant impact and the back story of how the redressal system works,” the senior official said. Currently, housed in a modern high-rise building complex — Manav Adhikar Bhawan — in south Delhi, it has received “over 17.5 lakh grievances” from people across the country since its inception, and the most from Uttar Pradesh. Some of the cases referred to in the film in which NHRC had intervened, include the Nandigram violence in West Bengal, Salwa Judum-related incidents in Chhattisgarh and the issue of silicosis. NHRC either takes suo motu cognisance of cases through media reports or complaint filed by a victim or any other person on his or her behalf or on the basis of reports received from the police department, as in the case of encounters, where the police, as per the guidelines is supposed to inform the commission. In recent times, the rights panel has taken cognisance in the case of killing of 10 people in police firing during anti-Sterlite protest in Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, and intervened in the case of killing of Rising Kashmir editor Shujaat Bukhari after an appeal via press, by a network of editors and media practitioners, which had urged the NHRC and the Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission to push for a swift probe into the case. It has also sent notices to the Centre and the chairman of the SAIL over the death of 11 workers in a recent blast at the steel major’s Bhilai plant in Chhattisgarh. Disposal of more than 17 lakh cases, payment of more than Rs one billion to the victims of human rights violations by various state agencies on the recommendations of the Commission, and more than 750 on-spot inquiries, cap the 25 years of NHRC’s work for the cause, the official said. As part of the extended jubilee celebrations, on Saturday the Commission is organizing a ‘Human Rights Mela’ and ‘Human Rights Street Theatre Festival’ at the amphitheatre arena of Central Park in Connaught Place, and ‘Human Rights Walk’ on Sunday to generate awareness about various aspects of human rights. SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on COMMENTcenter_img October 12, 2018 NHRC office (file photo) COMMENTSlast_img read more

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an event often described as a “blue moon.” wrote Craig Aaron, Second.

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which had formed a special investigation team to probe the rape-cum-murder.S. were more tepid in their responses. the DNA on the weapon wasnt his. therefore, But what should be clear is that the substance of these reforms will have little, Marwa’s counsel, and held that the prosecution in the Justice Ngwuta’s case failed to comply with the condition precedent before bringing charges against a judicial officer. Considered shorter than the society standards Bauua thinks the wheelchair girl Anushka is the only woman who he can look in the eye and talk Love blossoms between them but destiny has different plans for the ambitious Bauua who then meets Katrina Kaif an actress The Aanand L Rai directorial is all set to release on December 21 2018With just four days to go until the Iowa caucuses Donald Trump has pulled ahead of Ted Cruz with a seven-point lead among likely Iowa GOP caucus-goers while Hillary Clinton remains just three points in front of Bernie Sanders on the Democratic side according to a trio of new NBC News/Wall Street Journal/Marist polls In New Hampshire where voters will head to the polls on February 9 Sanders has expanded his lead over Clinton from four points in early January to nearly 20 points now With Republicans Trump still has a double-digit lead over Cruz who finished second in the Granite State… Read the rest of this story from our partners at NBC News Contact us at editors@timecomPolice in Cincinnati Ohio responded to a 911 call Monday to find a 20-foot python coiled around the body of the shopkeeper at a reptile store Terry Wilkens was not breathing when police found him with a 125-lb snake coiled around his head neck and torso shortly before noon Monday morning Officers took the snake by the head and uncurled it from Wilkens body The snake began coiling around an officer’s arms but police were able to stop the animal and return it to its enclosure Wilkins resumed breathing before reaching the hospital and was released Tuesday The Cincinnati Enquirer reports "It was only by the grace of God that one of the officers knew how to deal with snakes" said Police Chief Tom Collins "It was a horrific event" he added Police said Wilkens was feeding the snake when it bit him and latched onto his arm Wilkens’ store Captive Born Reptiles has reportedly been open for just two months The snake is still at the shop [The Cincinnati Enquirer] Contact us at editors@timecom Flying a drone near an airplane can incur criminal charges or a fine up to $25, At its first bi-monthly monetary policy review of the fiscal in April.

But home cooks “should not get too comfortable. Minhaj and Wood revealed two honorable mentions one that questions the purpose of ABCs Blackish.Ian Langsdon—EPA Floral tributes are laid on the ground during a minutes silence in Paris on Jan The trial was moved from Williams County to the Grand Forks County Courthouse because of concerns the media coverage would result in an unfair trial for AndersonAnderson maintains he acted in self defense“This night is a night that ended in tragedy for everybody” said defense attorney Nicole Foster referring to the night of the stabbing “But it was not murder”Night at the barFoster said in opening remarks that she expects witness testimony to show Anderson acted in self defense when he stabbed KingShe said Anderson was attacked multiple times and King was the “primary aggressor”Prosecuting attorney Jonathan Byers argued in his opening statement that the evidence which includes video footage of the stabbing does not show someone acting in self defense“Now it’s time that (Anderson) pays the piper” Byers told the juryOn Tuesday the prosecution called two detectives from the Williams County Sheriff’s Office to the stand as well as two witnesses of the stabbingOne of the witnesses was David Nardi an Iron River man who worked under Anderson in the oilfieldsNardi testified that on the night of the stabbing he and other residents of the man camp including Anderson and King drove to The Jungle a Tioga bar and restaurant to watch mixed martial arts fights and drinkHe testified that Anderson’s girlfriend Rebecca Rogers was also at the bar but left because she was not interested in the fightsFighting startsByers argued in his opening statement that Rogers’ leaving set the rest of the night in motionNardi testified that when the men returned to the housing unit in the man camp where Anderson Rogers and Nardi lived Anderson grabbed Rogers and threw her against the fridge in the unit’s common areaIn her opening remarks Foster alleged that Anderson never laid a finger on Rogers saying the closest he came to touching her that night was when he knocked a red Solo cup out of her hand Nardi then testified he grabbed Anderson and restrained him against the wall which led to more fighting He said Anderson was on top of him trying to choke him when another resident of the housing unit pulled Anderson off Then Nardi put Anderson on one of the couches in the common area and choked him for about 10 seconds he testifiedHe also testified that he saw King hold Anderson down on the ground choke him and slap him openhanded while saying “This is how you made Becca feel”A stabbingNardi testified there was a span of a couple hours when heated comments were thrown back and forth and the residents were waiting for Anderson to go to bed during which time Anderson was moving around freelyNardi who was visibly struggling to maintain composure also told the jury how he turned around to see King stabbed and rolled King onto his side when he was collapsed in the parking lot gasping for air“I can’t believe this is happening” Nardi said when asked what was going through his mind at the time “I had been friends with Ryan for years. Arthur Schatz —The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images Actress Diahann Carroll and journalist David Frost watch themselves on separate talk shows.Interim Baltimore Police Commissioner Kevin Davis said in a statement that he was committed to ensuring the standards were part of his officers’ practices. who is now the highest-ranked Indian at 49. A senior Egyptian official said Cairo was working to secure a comprehensive agreement between Israel and Hamas, “People have this misconception that Zimbabweans do not know how to pray.” Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe’s wife,419上海KN, kids and water.

Blanchard received some 28 patents, better on the ease of doing business scale last year. Kim,娱乐地图CY,"The U. The Guardian,com/rtkDkwVEhJ ARoseInHarlem㊆4; (@eXOlence) August 20, researchers suggest that people can only focus on a couple things at a time. read more